Year after year, the nation’s health rate is going on a decrease, therefore, the demand for naturally grown products is becoming critical. Due to the negative effects of processed foods on the human body, the popularity to eat healthy has risen. Organic food is the product of a farming system which avoids the use of man-made fertilisers, pesticides, growth regulators, livestock feed additives or genetically modified organisms (GMOs). This effort to create a culture of health and wellbeing in America should continue because the foods labeled as “certified organic” contain less harmful chemicals. The production of organic food can also bring a significant amount of benefits to local communities.
Most foods grown today are acquired with use of synthetic fertilizers which negatively affect the human health. These “enrichments” of the earth kill off the beneficial microorganisms in the soil that convert the remains into organic matter full of nutrients. In an article named New research: synthetic nitrogen destroys soil carbon, undermines soil health, Tom Philpott suggests that synthetic fertilizers represent a greater threat to the Earth arguing that “Not only would nitrogen fertilizer be contributing to climate change in a way not previously taken into account, but it would also be undermining the long-term productivity of the soil.” After the greenery set its root and gradually strengthened, most, if not all, farmers tend to use pesticides in order to keep the plants from being destroyed by insects or other harmful organisms. Since a specific range of action of the pest controlling chemical is not particularized, it tends to harm and in some cases even kill other organisms, including human beings. Katarina Lah, in her article Effect Of Pesticides on Human Health claims that “pesticide exposure is linked with cancer, hormone disruption, and a problem with reproduction and fetal development”. In order to get a combination of genes, like resistance to insects, which do not occur through traditional crossbreeding, scientists genetically modify the organisms DNA. Jonathan R. Latham, Allison K. Wilson and Ricarda A. Steinbrecher, in their article The Mutational Consequence of Plant Transformation are exposing the fact that the genetic engineering process creates massive damage throughout the plants DNA, causing mutations in hundreds or thousands of locations. They suggest that “Ancillary procedures associated with plant transformation, including tissue culture and infection with A tumefaciens, can also introduce mutation”. After the product is in the process of ripening, in order to have fruits and vegetables ready for sale before the right time, plant growth regulators have been reported to be used by farmers. Even though the low toxicity makes this ripening agent non hazardous for humans, the quality of the product could be lacking if the maximum residue for plant growth regulators, set by a a number of countries and organizations, would be exceeded. The Food Safety Centre, in their subsection called Plant Growth Regulators, advocates that ” if they plant growth regulators are misused, crops will grow excessively fast, resulting in ripening on the fruit surface with the core remaining raw, which will adversely affect the palatability and quality of fruits.”
If the community starts buying locally grown products, it will directly support the small family farmers who have a hard time competing in the food marketplace due to the fact that large agribusiness dominates food production in the U.S. Corin Cates-Carney, in his article Small Farmers Struggle To Compete Even As Demand For Organics Grows mentions that “More big farms are starting to produce organic crops.” Corin claims that the rise in popularity to produce organic foods made it “harder for small farmers to compete.” With the rise of consumer demand on locally grown products, more working hands would be needed to supply the people’s needs. Therefore more vacancies would be offered in rural areas. According to Tom Vilsack, Secretary of Agriculture, since 2009, USDA made “significant and transformative” investments in rural America. In his article New Markets, New Opportunities: Strengthening Local Food Systems and Organic Agriculture, Vilsack states that “unemployment in rural areas has fallen considerably”.

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