World War I also known as The Great War. This war began in 1914 and lasted in 1918 (Cambridge, 2018).It was a world war that mainly happened in Europe but spread around the world. At that time, there were many countries in the world involved in this war. The war was the battle between the Central Powers and Allied Powers. Between 1914 and 1918, there were many countries in Asia, Europe and America joined the Allies. The battlefield is mainly in Europe. Although Italy was an ally, the United Kingdom, France and Russia signed a secret agreement with Italy, and promised to give certain land to Italy. As a result, Italy joined the Allies and attack the Central Powers. This war is one of the most destructive wars in European history. It caused serious population and economic loss. European countries have been hit hard, especially defeated countries such as Germany, which have to face huge compensation.
The main causes of the World War I are militarism, alliances, imperialism and nationalism (Browne, 2018). Militarism is an advocating military force and military expansion, taking the military and expansion as the foundation of the country, completely placing the state under military control, and others. According to Bowlby (2017), this is an “The arms race.” Because Britain has a huge navy, Germany wants a big army. Germany and France compete to build a larger army. Even in times, the country introduced “general conscription” peace. For the sake of prestige and self-defense, the more countries established. In its military and navy, the more other countries believe they must do so. The cost of the “arms race” falls on civilians in the form of civilians high taxes. Between 1870 and 1914, except for all major powers the size of the British and American military has doubled.
Alliances is a collective term for two or more independent countries or nations that defend each other through a formal agreement, an individual or a group of individuals and other organizations or organizations, when acting as a verb for the alliance. For twenty years, European countries have been manufacturing alliance. It is believed that the alliance will promote peace. In the case of war, it will be protected by others, making it stupid. The state waged war against another person. The danger of these alliances lies in. The debate between the two countries can attract all other countries to unite. They are in a battle. This is what happens when a conflict occurs. Austria – Hungary and Serbia led to the First World War. Summer of 1914. There are two alliances which are Triple Alliances and Triple Entente. The three alliances are made up of Germany, Austria – Hungary and Italy. Triple Entente were Britain, France and Russia.
Imperialism is a special historical stage in the development of capitalism. Lenin believed that it was monopolistic, parasitic, decadent, and dying capitalism. Another reason for the First World War was Europe. Countries rule smaller countries, called colonies, and compete with each country. Also gather more colonies. The purpose of imperialism is to build national wealth and wealth. Have the influence of the colony. France and the UK have many colonies Africa and Asia. In the 1880s and 1890s, Germany and Italy decided on them. Also want a colonial empire. This global land competition has caused. Confrontation and conflict in many places. For example, the United Kingdom. Almost war with France and the United States during the 1880s Community.
Nationalism is a political, economic, and social system characterized by an ideology that advocates the interests of its own nation. Nationalists believe that the nation has sovereignty over self-governance and is not subject to interference by others. Nationalism focuses on the cultural identity of culture, culture, religion, politics, and the common ancestry of the entire nation. In addition to political conflicts, the causes of war were including nationalism and other forces, or proud of a country. Believe this One’s nationality or culture is superior to other nationalities, nationalist leadership European countries are competing to build the largest army and navy. it is also giving the idea of a group of people forming an independent country Their own. Serbs, Czechs, Slovaks, Bosnians and many other nations Living under the rule of the Ottoman Empire or the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Get rid of the “foreign” rule.
The effect of world war I was caused by the collapse of four monarchies: Germany, Turkey, the Austro-Hungarian Empire and Russia. The first effect is this war has made people more open to other ideologies, such as the Bolsheviks in power in Russia and the fascism in Germany and even in Germany. World war I largely marked the end of colonialism, as people became more nationalistic, and one country after another began colonial uprisings in Southeast Asia, the Middle East and Africa. The war has changed the economic balance of the world, and the European countries are deeply mired in debt. The United States is the world’s major industrial power and creditor. Inflation rates are rising in most countries, and the German economy is severely affected by the payment of compensation. As the troops travel around the world, the flu is easy to spread, and the epidemic began, killing more than 25 million people worldwide.
The First World War was an injustice imperialism war, which brought a heavy disaster to the people of all countries in the world. At the same time, it also brought about a great advancement in science and technology. It has greatly strengthened the political, economic, technological, cultural, and military aspects of various countries. The First World War also had accelerated the pace of human rights realization. The establishment of nation-states is the greatest result of this war. The formation of national consciousness behind this and the emergence of national concepts can be said to be the best opportunity given by history and the reconstruction of the international order after the war.