With the current debate between the Philippines and China about which country governs the islands in the Spratly Islands, and the president of the Philippines, Rodrigo Duterte, creating friendlier relationship with the Chinese, it sparks a huge question in the minds of the Filipinos, “Should the Philippines continue strengthening its relationship with China?” With ABC-CBN’s journalist, Dharel Placido’s account, Xi Jingping, China’s current leader, just recently signed 29 agreements with the president of the Philippines that states the mutual helping of the two countries achieve their common interest, and this something we should be happy about.
China is now considered one of the great economic powers around the world and has a gross domestic product (GDP) second only to the United States (U.S.) (Statisticstimes.com). This makes an alliance with them a beneficial thing for the Philippines, but the Philippine’s government is different from the Chinese. The Philippines’ government is currently a democratic and republican state where sovereignty resides in the people and all government authority emanates from them (Section I, Article II Constitution of the Philippines). On the other hand, China’s government is governed by the Communist Party, ever since 1949 when the Nationalist Party was overthrown (Pariona, 2017).
Communism, according to Terrence Ball and Richard Dagger, is a form of government where there will be no private ownership of anything in the nation, but instead there will be a head that would own everything. Communism could never work because it is in the nature of humans to become “more competitive than cooperative.” (Brians, 2017). According to the editors in History.com, Dwight D. Eisenhower created an analogy in a 1954 news conference, which is a theory called “Domino Theroy.” Domino theory is a theory where as communism spreads from one country to another. China being one of the countries that greatly influences other countries due to its massive economy, could prove to be dangerous to the Philippines as it could influence our country’s sovereignty to a state that follows the rules of China.
Democracy, on the other hand, has a vision that is quite contrary to what communism aims. This type of ruling, gives the power to the people not the government. The people are free to choose who the leaders they want to be, and they are free to own anything they can own (Dahl, 2017). The people’s strong will to maintain a democratic country was shown, according to ABS-CBN, on February 25, 1986, which is known today as EDSA People Power’s Revolution. The people wanted to overthrow, Ferdinand Marcos, a tyrant who declared Martial law in the Philippines without a proper reason. Martial law is when a nation’s government