Principles of management and leadership in organisations.
The concept of leadership in organisations
Acccording to Joshua Spodekthere are two main differences between leadership and management are that “Leadership without management is dreaming. A team with leadership but no management is lucky to get jobs done whereas. A team with management without leadership rarely excels, nor do people like working in it.” (1) This is evidence throughout the childcare industry as we need staff to be empowered to think outside the box and have a passion for what can be a very difficult job. One way in which I feel I do this is by showing staff that I am prepared to listen and follow their lead, that there isn’t a definitive hierarchy; although in a lot of instances this has to be the case there is a team approach where when working as a collective everyone achieves more.
Leadership is a vital part in a teams organisation. Maxwell has developed 5 levels of leadership that show the growth a leader must reach in order to become a successful leader. The first level is position. Maxwell refers to this as being the only level that does not require ability and effort to achieve.” (2) Maxwell discusses this as being the first step in the leadership ladder stating that anyone can be promoted pr placed into a position of authority but by sticking within level one they will not have a loyal following staff will usually follow you because they have to. A level 1 leader will use policies and legislation in order to control and dictate they will not have earned respect from their subordinates. In level 2 , Permission, Maxwell states that at this level is when the leader becomes apparent. “Leadership is influence, and when a leader learns to function on the Permission level, everything changes.” (2) Maxwell begins to discuss this level 2 leader building up relationships with people which in turn means that they begin to follow them outside of the constraints of rules and regulations. In my opinion this is were respect is beginning to be found for the leader. People are able to identify with the leader in terms of their relationship and not find them as a dictator. When the leader emerges into level 3, Production, it “separates true leaders from people who merely occupy leadership positions. Good leaders always make things happen. They get results.” (2) Maxwell talks about this level often not being achieved as it cannot be faked. Leaders need to be able to produce results which if unable to do so could be as a result of their own lack of ability to organise, be self disciplined or not have the desired work ethic in order to achieve. Level 4 leaders or developers “shift their focus from the production achieved by others to the development of their potential.” (2) Whilst still having to have some focus of production, around 20 percent, the majority of their focus is on making new leaders who will then in turn aim to rise up the levels. I feel that in my setting I have begun this process. I have three supervisors who are going through training to be leaders and as such the process of productivity has been shifted from me to them. They are in charge of their own rooms and as such are aiming to achieve the goals at hand whereas I am in the background supporting them in developing these skills which will in turn achieve the company goals. When a leader reaches Maxwells 5th level, Pinacle, They lift “the entire organisation and creates an environment that