There is different types of play. Unoccupied play is when the child isn’t playing. The child may or may not be engaged in random movements. Solitary play is when the child plays on their own. This play is also known as Independent play. This play is important because it teachers the child to keep themselves entertained. If a child is shy, they will more than likely will be playing on their own most of the time. Onlooker play is when a child looks at other children playing and doesn’t take part in the play. Parallel play is when two children are playing alongside each other. They’re not playing the same game, it doesn’t mean that they don’t like each other but they still enjoy being in each other’s company. Associative play is very similar to parallel play as children play separate from one another. In this mode of play, they are involved with what others are doing. The children are talking to each other. Dramatic play is when children loves to play dress up games. The child is using imagination skills for this type of play. Competitive play is when the child is playing with other children. This is where the child is in competition to win. For example soccer, or a running race. Physical play is when a child is playing hop-scotch, or throwing a ball. Gross and fine motor skills are being developed. Constructive play is when children are playing with building blocks, it teaches children about building and fitting things together. Symbolic play is vocal play for example singing, graphic arts or making music.
There is different guidelines for different age group for physical activity. According to Get Ireland Active, they state that babies the age of birth to 1 years should be as active as toddlers and older children. Before the baby starts to crawl, you should encourage the baby to be physically active, by reaching out for toys and rolling around. Babies should be active for several times in a day. An example would be put babies on their tummy, lie them on their tummy for short periods. Toddlers from the age of 1-3 years need at least 3 hour spread out throughout the day. This should involve jumping, running and building blocks. Children form the age of 3 – 6 years should be getting three hours per day spread out throughout the day. (Getirelandactive.ie, 2018) .According to World Health Organisation children and adolescents from the age of 5-17 years, should at least do 60 minutes of physical activity daily. Adult from the age of 18-64 years should do roughly 150 minutes in a week of physical activity. According to Australia’s Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour Guidelines, Babies from the age of birth to 1 year should get several amount of activity spread out throughout the day, they should at least get 30 minutes of lying on their tummy. Children from the age of 1 to 2 years should get 3 hours spread throughout the day, this is the same as Ireland’s guidelines. Pre-school children from the age of 3-5 years should be getting 3 hours spread out through the day, this is also the same as Ireland. In the United Kingdom, it states that babies should be active throughout the day. Toddlers should at least get 3 hours spread out through the day. Children from the age of 5-18 years should be getting 60 minutes a day, same as Ireland and Australia.
Fundamental movement skills are a precise set of skills that involve different body parts such as feet, legs, head, arms and hands. These skills are the “building blocks” for more complex and specialised skills that children will need throughout their lives to capably join in different games, sports and recreational activities. (Goodhabitsforlife.act.gov.au, 2018).
There are two different types of fundamental skills which are locomotor: crawling, walking, running, jumping, hopping and galloping. The second type is object motor: throwing, catching, kicking, bouncing, striking. Fundamental skills allow the children to join in on active play, team sports, and school PE lessons. By the children doing fundamental skills they are getting physical activity and are also developing their fine and gross motor skills.