The frequency of the use of the words data and information are very high in our daily lives. Depending on the context the meanings and use of these words differ. Both data and information are types of knowledge or something used to attain knowledge. Though used interchangeably, there are many differences between the meanings of these two words.
Here are some in many examples in difference between Data and Information; Data is the lowest level of knowledge and information is the second level. Data by itself alone is not significant. Information is significant by itself. Observations and recordings are done to obtain data, while analysis is done to obtain information.
Data are those facts and descriptions from which information can be extracted. Data alone has no certain meaning, i.e. until and unless the data is explained and interpreted, it is just a collection of numbers, words and symbols. Unlike information, which does not lack meaning in fact they can be understood by the users in normal diligence.
Data refers to the lowest abstract or a raw input which when processed or arranged makes meaningful output. It is the group or chunks which represent quantitative and qualitative
Information can be a mental stimulus, perception, representation, knowledge, or even an instruction. The examples of data can be facts, analysis, or statistics. In computer terms, symbols, characters, images, or numbers are data. These are the inputs for the system to give a meaningful interpretation. In other words, data in a meaningful form is information.
In simple terms, data is unorganized information and information is processed data. These two terms are so closely intertwined that it is quite common for people to juxtapose them. In the technical glossary, data means input, used to generate output, i.e. information.