Q. Name of the article, author or author’s name, date of publication, journal of publication in APA format.
Amstad, F., Elfering, A., Meier, L., Fasel, U., and Semmer, N. (2011). “A Meta-Analysis of Work–Family Conflict and Various Outcomes With a Special Emphasis on Cross-Domain Versus Matching-Domain Relations.” Journal of Occupational Health Psychology.
Q. What is the research question being addressed in the study? What is this article about?
The research question being addressed would be, what is the correlation between work-family conflict and the consequences? Work–family conflict was viewed in terms of WIF and FIW. Three categories of possible outcomes were checked in the article. The possible outcomes include family-related outcomes, work-related outcomes, and domain-unspecific outcomes.
Q. What do we already know about this topic and what is left to discover? What are some of the most important past findings on this topic? (information may be also be found within the Literature Review, Introduction or other sections of the article).
We already know from the article that it studied a bunch of previous research articles. Between work and family, it’s received large amounts of attention over the last 20 years. The topic’s interest is related to changes in societal structure. This is specifically common in the increasing number of dual-earner couples that have dependents. Work environments are very likely to change in the near future. One of the reasons for the concern in the topic of work-family conflict is from the working environment. It also includes economic hardship, commuting from home to work and part time work has increased and the working poor because poverty has a large impact on them.
Combining work and family is suggesting that it will continue to present a challenge in the future.
Q. What research design and methods did the researchers use? What data did the author(s) use and how was it utilized?
The authors used a literature search as their method of research. They used longitudinal and cross-sectional studies when looking at other research. They used coding and followed up analysis and a discussion. They also used 3 tables to categorize the information they found. They used these tables to show variables used to show the meta-analysis and these include central tendency and reliability. The table also shows the results of work interference with family (WIF).
Q. What did the author find? What were the main findings of the study?
The study has found that the interface between work and family has received attention in the past 20 years. The current meta-analysis demonstrates family and work conflict affects the well-being and conduct of one. It also effects family and the working life. Combining these two life domains can have both positive and negative outcomes. It’s been shown that living multiple life domains does have a positive effect on individuals’ health and well-being.
Q. What does it all mean and why it is important? What were the limitations of the study (if any)? What suggestions for future research do the authors make if any?
The authors have stated many times throughout the article that several studies have researched the relationship between work-family conflict and the consequences of this conflict. Work family conflict is defined as, “interrole,” conflict, which these roles place pressure from family and work domains and they are incompatible. Work–family conflict were put into two categories in the terms of WIF and FIW. The study checked 3 categories of potential outcomes including: family-related outcomes, work-related results, and domain-unspecific outcomes. This “interrole,” can go in two directions. These directions include, work role can interfere with family roles (FIW) and family role can interfere with work role (FIW). In other words they both can interfere with each other. Most research has found that these two are related. The many outcomes of this article have some practical implications. The results confirm that work–family conflict is related well-being. This article believes that organizations and supervisors who support employees in good condition should include attempts to decrease this conflict between family and job life. The conflict that starts in the work environment is related to work-related outcomes. These work related outcomes include work performance, well-being and withdrawal tendencies. In conclusion, organizations and supervisors should be more motivated to create a family-friendly work environment. This would end the conflict in work roles.