Over two centuries ago America’s favorite ingredient, sugar was enormously popular and on the rise in production. Multiple countries such as New Guinea, Great Britain, and India were introduced to sugar and eventual became the mass producers of sugar. These manufactures purchased slaves to look after and take care of the sugar canes, often leaving the slaves exhausted and injured. Although some argue that the sugar trade was driven by the slave trade the land, consumer demand and economy drove the sugar trade to its peak.
Sugar was a prized item, but the production for the beloved item didn’t come easy. Many plantation owners wanted to make profits, so they need ideal farmland and supplies. The chart in Document 6 shows the various materials needed for five acres of land. Operating a sugar plantation was costly, but having all the materials on one island led to a more effective method of production. Land was crucial to the British since they owned most of the Caribbean. In Document 1, the map shows British territory dominating the islands and Document 2 states ideal climates for successful sugar production, matching the land perfectly. By the end of the eighteenth century, the supply and demand towards sugar increased dramatically causing majority of the land to be used for sugar production.
Consumer demand is one of the many parts of the sugar trade but crucial to the survival and thriving love of the product. Document 5 shows us that during the 1700’s sugar imports surpassed all other products, meaning the people had and wanted more sugar than any other product that was being shipped in from foreign countries. People love the way sugar tastes, “…all contain stimulants and can be properly classified as drugs” (Doc 4). The consumer demand showed how quickly sugar could become available and economically beneficial.
Increasing sugarcane production improved the environment. It also contributed to significant economic growth and development. The Document 10 map shows multiple tropical countries that increased in sugar production as well as slave population. Due to the constant upgrading economy, merchants found it easier to purchases new slaves rather than nourish the already bought ones. The pictures in Document 8 represent the hard labor required for work and amount of workers needed to produce sugar. The merchants dealt with production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services, Document 11


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