One of the most important necessities in our modern day living is a toothpaste. It is used as an oral hygiene to clean and maintain the health of the teeth. It serves as an abrasive that aids in removing dental plaque and food from the teeth, assists in suppressing halitosis, and delivers active ingredients such as fluoride to prevent tooth decay and gum disease.

We have always been taught that toothpaste are safe and we shouldn’t worry about having problems with our teeth. However, this belief is scientifically wrong because of the harmful chemicals that resides in every tube of toothpaste. You might have noticed that there are different color coded bars such as blue, green, red and black found at the bottom of your toothpaste, this is because each color represents the content of the toothpaste. Blue is composed of natural and medicinal content, green is all natural, red is composed of natural and chemical content, and the most unsafe of all, black which is composed of only chemicals.

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Although toothpaste doesn’t have to be ingested for toxins to enter the system of the body, it is thought to be safe for us. However, there are still toothpastes in the market that contains toxic ingredients in each tube. They might make sorts of claims such as whitening and strengthening of teeth but these ingredients can be seriously unsafe for us. Example of these are Fluoride which can cause tooth discoloration, Triclosan which is associated with cancer, Saccharin which is a lab-produced “sugar” made from crude oil, Carrageenan which can cause colon tumors, Aspartame which can cause diabetes, Parabens which can potentially cause cancer, Sodium Lauryl Sulfate & Sodium Laureth Sulfate which can cause cancer sores, Propylene Glycol which can possibly cause cancer. According to Haghgoo R, Mehran M, Ahmadvand M, Ahmadvand MJ., Fluoride is one of the most effective remineralizing agents for caries prevention. However, some concerns exist with regard to the extensive use of fluoride. Chronic exposure to low levels of fluoride can cause gastrointestinal, urogenital, and respiratory problems in normal individuals. On the other hand, the prevalence of dental fluorosis has increased noticeably in non-fluoridated areas and to a lesser extent in optimally fluoridated areas. Moreover, fluoride ions alone cannot completely remineralize carious lesions. Formation of each fluorapatite molecule requires calcium and phosphate in addition to fluoride ions.

For this study, the researchers chooses to focus on determining the effects of using eggshells as an effective alternative for several harmful chemicals found in toothpaste only, but not concerned with using it as a replacement for toothpaste itself. This study can be used by future researchers as their reference and help in developing new effective alternatives for toothpaste.

The materials needed in this research are eggshell powder, coconut oil, and baking soda. Eggshell powder is the main ingredient as it contains 27 crucial minerals and a high concentration of calcium carbonate, a form and structure of calcium very similar to our bones and teeth and readily bioavailable. Other studies have shown that eggshells can help decrease plaque buildup on teeth and gums, and strengthen enamel through the process of tooth remineralization. This study will be used for the purpose of exterminating potentially dangerous chemicals in a toothpaste with the formulation of eggshells.

There were certain limitations in undertaking this research work. As it is understood that the limitations are a part of the study, they have been overshadowed by the benefits of the study– the research is purely based on data that was given by the internet and may or may not be comprehensive; and the research only aims to observe how effective eggshells are as an alternative component of toothpaste and cannot implement it due to low funds and time restraint.

The researchers chose this study in order to build alternatives for toothpaste that will help in reducing the intake of harmful chemicals that reside in each tube of toothpaste . Due to this, the researchers come up in using eggshell as an alternaternative component of toothpaste considering its content which avoid the losing of teeth enamel responsible for protection of the teeth itself. Furthermore, the researchers aims to give claims regarding the bad effects of using toothpaste in our daily lives.

The significance of this study is to enlighten the people on the effects eggshells can be used as an effective alternative component of toothpaste. This study also provides information about the usage of different types of toothpaste that can help in improving their health and hygiene. This will also benefit the future researchers in providing related literature for their own thesis.

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