Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud ? was born 31 August 1985 known as the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, also serving as First Deputy Prime Minister, President of the Council for Economic and Development Affairs and Minister of Defense—the world’s youngest office holder at the time. He has been described as the power behind the throne of his father, King Salman, He was appointed Crown Prince in June 2017 following his father’s decision to remove Muhammad bin Nayef from all positions, making Mohammed bin Salman heir apparent to the throne.
He has led several successful reforms, which include :
Prince Mohammed bin Salman took the leadership in the restructuring of Saudi Arabia’s economy, which he officially announced in April 2016 when he introduced Vision 2030, the country’s strategic orientation for the next 15 years. Vision 2030 plans to reform Saudi’s economy towards a more diversified and privatized structure. It details goals and measures in various fields, from developing non-oil revenues and privatization of the economy to e-government and sustainable development.
Mohammed bin Salman established himself as the chairman of the Prince Mohammed bin Salman Foundation, otherwise known as HYPERLINK “https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MiSK” o “MiSK” MiSK, which puts in place activities empowering and enabling the younger generation, in line with ‘Vision 2030’ goals of a more developed nation. The foundation was a partner of the 9th UNESCO Youth Forum for Change in 2015.
The foundation focuses on the country’s youth and provides different means of fostering talent, creative potential, and innovation in a healthy environment that offers opportunities in arts and sciences. The foundation pursues these goals by establishing programs and partnering with local and global organizations. It intends to develop intellectual capability in youth, as well as unlock the potential of all Saudi people. Saudi journalists traveling with Prince Mohammed on foreign delegations have been paid up to $100,000 in cash .
Mohammed bin Salman significantly restricted the powers of the religious police. He established an entertainment authority that started hosting comedy shows, professional wrestling events, and monster truck rallies. In an interview with al Arabiya he shared his idea for “Green cards” for non-Saudi foreigners.
In February 2017, Saudi Arabia appointed its first woman to head the Saudi Stock Exchange.