Mark Antoun
Essay #1
Bio106-1B

Most of us have heard this phrase, Sleep tight and don’t let the bed bugs bite. Bedbugs are blood feeding ecto?parasites of humans, chickens, bats, and occasionally domesticated animals. There are two common species of bedbugs, Cimex lectularius Linnaeus and C. hemipterus Fabricius which have a wide distribution in tropical and subtropical countries Cimex hemipterus known as ?Indian bedbug?, is found in both rural and urban conditions in Bangladesh. Bedbugs are small blood-sucking insects that live in cracks and crevices in and around beds. They crawl out at night and bite exposed skin to feed on blood. Adult bed bugs are oval-shaped, flat and up to 5mm long similar to an apple seed. Their color varies between dark yellow, red or brown.

Bed bugs have a cryptic life-style, meaning they spend the majority of their time hiding together in cracks and crevices where they will not be seen or disturbed. However, they become active at night, generally between midnight and 5:00 am (depending on the host’s schedule). It is during this time, when the human host is typically in their deepest sleep, that bed bugs like to feed. Bed bugs are attracted to the CO2 produced by the host’s exhalations. The increase of CO2 in the room stimulates hungry bed bugs to begin searching. When they are in sucking distance, they used the heat sensors in their antennae to detect your location.
Bedbug bites are painless, but some people experience a reaction to them. This can occur from a few minutes after being bitten up to a week or two later. They can cause itchy red bumps on skin or a rash or blisters, usually occurs on exposed areas of the face, it can also be infected with bacteria if scratched, increase of rash and swelling are a huge sign of infection. So many people have tried fighting bed bugs from occurring but only a few teens from Dix Hills, NY have caught the attention of many people when they succeeded fighting bed bugs.
After a few Experiments, by the microscope they determined the diameter and structure of the bed bug. To determine the best material to use to capture the bed bugs, they used materials such as polylactic acid, ecoflex and recycles Styrofoam cups. 83 micrometers apart was the diameter of the bed bug legs. The styrofoam cups had fibers that were two micrometers in diameter where the fibers played the trap on the bed bugs on making them think they were a giant piece of white cotton ball. They then decided to use the Styrofoam cups as the best way to trap the bedbugs and catch them, between the fibers the bed bugs legs actually got caught because their legs would stick into the fibers and they were unable to get away from the fibers.
Bed bugs are usually harmless and cause no human diseases and they aren’t attracted to dirt. However, there are a few ways to prevent the from coming to your home. First, you have to check your mattress for any sings of infestation, if so, seek professional advice or throw out your mattress. Second, avoid second hand mattresses or furniture, don’t bring them to your home. Finally, keep your home as clean as you possible can, cleaning up can reduce the number of places bed bugs can hide.

References
HYPERLINK ;https://student.societyforscience.org/article/don%25E2%2580%2599t-let-bedbugs-bite-fibers-trap-kill-bugs;https://student.societyforscience.org/article/don%E2%80%99t-let-bedbugs-bite-fibers-trap-kill-bugs