Macro-sociological places the focus on large- scale features of social structure. It investigates large-scale social forces and the effects they have on entire societies and groups within them. In this setting the macro institution will be education and religion and the importance of an education in society, since my social situation is based on scholars who are working on an assignment for a college class
A society’s future largely depends on the successful socialization of new members. Every society develops a system of education consisting of the roles and norms that ensure the transmission of knowledge, values and patterns of behavior from one generation to the next. In some preindustrial societies, education is largely informal and occurs mainly within the family. Schooling is formal education, which involves instruction by specially trained teachers who follow officially recognized policies.
The functionalist in this setting studies the ways in which education aids society. The Conflict studies the ways in which education maintains the imbalance of power in society.
From the moment a child is born, his or her education begins. At first, education is an informal process in which an infant watches others and imitates them. As the infant grows into a young child, the process of education becomes more formal through play dates and preschool. Once in grade school, academic lessons become the focus of education as a child moves through the school system. But even then, education is about much more than the simple learning of facts.
Our education system also socializes us to our society. We learn cultural expectations, norms, and values and also to respect the beliefs of others, which are reinforced by our teachers, our textbooks, and our classmates. We learn how to socialize in school in the form of socialization, how to stand in lines, how to speak to others and how to sit in groups and communicate with others, socialization helps us learn society’s rules and the need to cooperate, as people end up generally agreeing on important norms and values, while social integration, or our ties to other people and to social institutions such as religion and the family, helps socialize us and integrate us into society and reinforce our respect for its rules. Just like education, religion plays a major role in the socialization process. For centuries, humankind has sought to understand and explain the “meaning of life.” Religion, in one form or another, has been found in all human societies since human societies first appeared.
Social class refers to a segment of the population that differs from other segments of the same population in terms of shared values, accumulated wealth, education and other social etiquette. Generally, there are three main indicators of social inequality. They are income, occupation and education. Other indicators include differences in sex, religion, race, family background and location of residence. According to the social stratification system individuals are ranked according to the degree of desirable qualities placed in by members of particular groups. These qualities vary from society to society. One of the greatest expectations in United States society is that to attain any form of success in life, a person needs an education. In fact, a college degree is rapidly becoming an expectation at nearly all levels of middle-class success, not merely an enhancement to our occupational choices. And, as you might expect, the number of people graduating from college in the United States continues to rise dramatically. Further more social stability is necessary to have a strong society, and adequate socialization and social