Industrialization came upon and made it so that items that were being made by hand and on farms could be produced and made by machines which made things new, quicker, and easier. The reason for this was because of the population increase. In this period, globalization was decisively shaped by imperialism of the nineteenth century. Following the First and Second Opium Wars, which opened China up to foreign trade and the completion of India’s British conquest, the vast populations of these regions became ready consumers of European exports. It was during this period that regions of sub – Saharan Africa and the Pacific Islands became part of the world system.