In the ninth and tenth century, the local church had gone under the control of kings and federal lords, which choose priest and bishops in these territories, granting them land and expecting loyalty and service in return. Village priest and popes were given sources of income as well as authorities. The properties that were under control gave the office holders had the right to collect taxes, fees, and sometimes profit of those lands. The men were required to be unmarried to be ordained. However, there were married priests and some living with a woman.
In 1049-1054 when Pope Leo 1X he made serious efforts to change the ways things were. He ordered the priest to dismiss their wives and canceled the ordination of church officials who had purchased their offices. Pope and his successors believe that the clergy was the reason for the lack of moral leadership, they proclaimed the church independent of priest rules.
In 1059 the Lateran Council ordered that the power and authority to elect the pope rested solely in the college of cardinals. 1073-1085 Leo’s successor Pope Gregory VII was forceful in his champing of reform and expansion of papal power. That is where the Gregorian reform movement came into play in the eleventh century. They terminated clerical marriages by selling and selling church offices. Meaning that they were banned from the sacraments and al Christian worship.
Late eleventh century throughout the twelfth and thirteenth century, the papacy pressed Gregory’s campaign for reform of the church. (chapter 9 pg. 268). The popes held a series of Lateran councils that ordered bishops to less extravagantly and the priests to leave there wives and children or face dismissal. In some cases marriages were a sacrament, divorces were forbidden, and a ceremony that provided visible evidence of Gods grace.
1198-1216, Innocent III became the most powerful pope in history. During that time the church in Rome declared itself to be supreme, united, and “Catholic,” responsible for human well-being as well as the eternal salvation of Christians everywhere. (chapter 9 pg. 269).
Each time pontificate came around it was okay for a while, and then they would start disagreeing, and things would go sour and change. In my opinion, the pontificates did what they wanted because of all the power that was given to them. They were the ones that made all the laws and rules, and everyone else had to abide by them. If they would have involved the clergy’s family and their congregation things may have turned out differently. Some of the rules, in my opinion, were unfair. How could you ask someone to leave their wife and children to be ordained?


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