Education provides knowledge about the globe and modifies it into something worthwhile. It cultivates a perception of viewing at life. It supports in building opinions and having a fair idea about belongings in life. In development of university student’s individuality and compliance, studying in the own region progresses the perspective of the students and the network it creates. Attaining education in a university at own country has both advantages and disadvantages. Therefore, it is important to recognise the advantages and disadvantages of studying at a tertiary institution in own country. Thus, the essay will discuss on the advantages and disadvantages that students come across while studying at a university in own country in relation to cultural and social side.
First of all, the main purpose of studying is to improve individual knowledge and together with that developing better characteristics. Presently every individual in the world understands the significance of education. Currently both local and overseas education institutions continue to improve students to be in the future job markets .An advantage of studying in a local tertiary institution would be easy means of communication or being able to quickly get familiar with the people around, for example having a greater bond with the professor’s and mentors, also being familiar with the people allows an individual to easily focus on studies. Hence, students are able to select a desired institution and unnecessary to study aboard since many tertiary institutions are available in the own country/region.
Moving on, being friendly with the environment enables an individual to be well versed with the facilities available to make use of it and also feel extra secured in the particular environment. Secondly, another advantage of studying in a local tertiary institution is friendly environment or a better study environment, for example if a student is familiar with the environment it will allow learning of new methods and ideas of how to accomplish a particular task and makes it easy for an individual to focus on studies as they already get use to the local surroundings, beliefs as well as inherent language. Thus, studying in an international institution students need to get use a new environment. The sensation of being alone and away from home badly affects the concentration of students on studies.
Furthermore, cost of living is often used to compare how expensive it is to live in own country and in a foreign country. Thirdly, the advantage of studying in a local institution is cheaper cost of living for example it leads to a decrease in expenses such as food, transportation, tuition and rent. According to lee (2013/07) if an individual studies locally the government will generally subsidies part of the tuition fees, hence the expenses is lesser. When students study in an international institution, they will become foreigner and so no subsidy on tuition fee. Mostly extra charge will even apply on foreigners. As a result, higher expenditure is needed.
Moreover, being well versed with the teaching environment allows a student to have a greater bond with professors and mentors, learning new methods of doing tasks and easy means of transportation. On the other side, fewer knowledge about other nations and difficulties in coping up with an expensive lifestyle.
“Adding on, you have to keep in mind the costs of studying abroad. Sometimes tuition fees are quite high, and the cost of living may be different from what you are used to at home. Moreover, you will need extra money if you want to visit your loved ones. Travelling costs can be rather high, depending on where you want to study abroad.”

On the other hand, unless the students of the country/region are careful in adjusting to the environment of education its impacts can have few consequences. Therefore, having access to education in own country/region has a number of drawbacks; firstly, sense of culture shock for example introduction of many cultures such as Tongan, Rotuman, Chinese, Japanese, Indian, Fijian and many more in universities creates a sense of culture shock for students and also being away from family and friends for a longer period of time may lead to loss of cultural values. Culture shock is described has an anxiety that an individual comes across moving from a familiar culture to a new culture or social environment.
Additionally, according to Kala (2013, pp.91-97) in this competitive educational environment, globalization and rapid technological change have made knowledge a critical determinant of it. There needs to be important role in assisting countries in taking advantage of the opportunities in information and communications technologies (ICTs) to contribute to education goals. Secondly, the disadvantage of studying at a university in own country is limited to no knowledge about the universities of other nations and the teaching method being used in foreign countries, for example the knowledge students adopt is only limited to person’s own country. Book reading about a foreign university is not enough to know in detail an individual should visit the particular university.
Finally, the economic issues are going to continue increasing for students it has become a consequence. Lastly, the disadvantage of studying at a university in own country/region is economic issues such matters are difficulties faced in getting into a better profession suiting individual qualification and coping with expensive living me

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