Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health in the United States. (2017, September 11). Retrieved from https://www.guttmacher.org/fact-sheet/american-teens-sexual-and-reproductive-health
The Guttmacher Institute is an organization founded in 1968 as a Family Planning Program. Its main purpose was public education in consideration and promotion of reproductive health and rights. This organization provides current information on the sexual and sexual health of adolescence. The website provides statistics about abortion, contraception, STD’s and pregnancy, not only here in the United States but also internationally. The founders of this organization believe that good reproductive health policy starts with credible research.

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Donenberg, G. R., Bryant, F. B., Emerson, E., Wilson, H. W., ; Pasch, K. E. (2003). Tracing the Roots of Early Sexual Debut Among Adolescents in Psychiatric Care. Journal of the American Academy of Child ; Adolescent Psychiatry,42(5), 594-608. doi:10.1097/01.chi.0000046833.09750.91
This Journal, published in 2003, mainly focuses on the identities of the social and individual characteristics that lead to early sexual behavior. The authors of this study focused on troubled teenagers that have visited outpatient mental health clinics. These interviews were in relation to family, peers, relationships, and personal characteristics. Their main purpose was to find out the variables associated with their decision of engaging into sexual activity at an early age.

Lickona, T. (2007, January). The Neglected Heart: The Emotional Dangers of Premature Sexual Involvement. Retrieved from https://www.catholiceducation.org/en/marriage-and-family/sexuality/the-neglected-heart-the-emotional-dangers-of-premature-sexual-involvement.html
This article, written by Thomas Lickona, Ph, D., psychologist and educator, emphasizes on the dangers of early sexual involvement, not only physically but most importantly emotional consequences this type behavior produces. Dr. Lickona lists the most common emotional hazards this behavior might lead to. In his article, I can see how girls are more emotionally affected by engaging into sexual activities at an earlier age. Boys and girls have different mentalities when engaging in this behavior. Some of them are emotional and some of them are just physical. Most of the time, teenagers are not aware of the consequences this could have in the long run. Dr. Lickona highlights some of them in his article.

Lohman, B., ; Jordahl, T. (2009, August 12). Low-income kids report first sexual intercourse at 12 years old in new ISU study. Retrieved from https://www.news.iastate.edu/news/2009/aug/teensex
Early Sexual Activity among low-income families. This is a study co-authored by Brenda Lohman, an Iowa State University associate professor of human development and family studies (HDFS), and Tina Jordahl, a former ISU graduate student. The summary of this study was posted in the Iowa State University news board. The summary of this research states that children from low-income families in three major cities in the United States, were interviewed. Through this research, they found that one in four adolescents between the age 11-16 reported sexual activity. In this research, the authors also take not only economics but also ethnicity into consideration.

Sieving, R. E., Oliphant, J. A., ; Blum, R. W. (2002, December 01). Adolescent Sexual Behavior and Sexual Health. Retrieved from http://pedsinreview.aappublications.org/content/23/12/407
This article is part of Pediatrics in Review, an official journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics. This article, published in 2002, is based on Adolescent Sexual Behavior and what influences such behavior. In the article the authors also address common issues that are derived from sexual behavior; for example, pregnancy, contraception and sexual health. The authors also take into consideration how sexual orientation is confusing during the adolescence years, and the promotions of adolescence sexual health trends.


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