Deanna McKoy
Jessica Breheny
English 1A
19 July 2018
The Black Community: Bridging the Gap
Blacks in America from 1900 to 1920 were more tolerant of their living situations and the near abolishment of their basic human rights than the more educated and vocal blacks of the Harlem Renaissance period in New York from 1920 to 1930. During this time segregation started to evolve not only black and whites but also blacks and light skins.
Stereotyping has always been rampant in our society; it can either be through gender, age occupation and the most popular of all, perhaps-race. Part of stereotyping is associating a certain group of people whether it is good or bad. As a society we see stereotyping as racism and are often very hasty to call it racism and discrimination. Even in our public school systems we teach every generation about slavery and the history of how we became America in present day terms.
almost known to all is the black- on- black crime. This kind of crime is usually pushed to happen due to the prejudice of the society. As Black Americans are subjected to discrimination and injustice, black-on-black crimes are most likely to occur.

Black-on-black are the kind of crimes which are committed on Blacks with their fellow Blacks as the offenders. At present, the African Americans remain more segregated that any other racial group in the world, Some of them even experience “residential isolation” (Quillian,1999). Past studies show that “white fight” or the avoidance of white is the main reason of racial discrimination. While there are only 12 percent African American living in the United States, 45 percent of the victims of murder in year 2002 also come from them; 91 percent of them are killed by their fellow Black Americans.

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Statistics show that homicide tops the list of the leading causes of death among Black men, while suicide in landed on the second on the second notch on the causes of death among Black women aged 15-24 (Greaves). These figures or statistics, of course, are just a reflection of social reality. Racial discrimination, though not as rampant in the past decades still hounds out society that is a great factor contributing to the crime rate among black Americans.

Despite our society’s eventual tolerance on racial differences, there are still studies that show that whites do not prefer in places where there are a lot of African Americans thriving in. In a research study conducted, most white Americans who were Asked in the survey said they prefer living in a community where the population of African American is less than 30 percent. (Clark) Studies showing the trends of mobility actually show that neighborhoods or communities with relatively high population of black families have the tendency to have a “collapsed” population of white families (Qullian 1999). This means that white Americans tend to move out of the place if it is more dominant with black Americans. Perceptions on crime Empirical studies were never really enough to back up the perception of neighborhoods and communities about crime. There are no really significant number of studies which focus on the black-on black crimes. But then there are two main factors that are believed to influence the perception of a neighborhood towards crime.

First is the observable characteristic which is the neighborhood’s racial composition. In the United States, for example, most of the neighborhoods or communities can be categorized into either dominant of blacks or dominant of whites. Factors like economic class where an individual belonging is not easy to gauge based on physical characteristic. The second factor would be the stereotypes that relate a certain group of people with crime. An example of this would be the Blacks who are often associated with rampant crimes known by all Americans (Devine and Elliot 1995). Studies furthered that information that are consistently seen are stereotypes that are not usually used (Robert, Evans, and Fulero 1979). Stereotypes may also lead to the salience of the stereotypes may also lead to the salience of the stereotypes which are associating certain groups of people on committing crimes. Thus, media reports would most likely to focus on news reports that are guilty of stereotyping. These kinds of media reports reinforce the association of crime and race in the minds of the people, or to be specific, to the mind of the audience. Causes Divergent to the common notion that racism or discrimination is the main cause of black-on-black crime, there are actually a lot of factors causing the perpetuation of such crimes. Racism or discrimination is not the sole reason for the existence of “evil aptitudes.”
Works Cited
“African American Slavery in the Colonial Era, 1619-1775.” NJ State Library. New Jersey State Library, 12 Jan. 2011. Web. 06 Feb. 2014. .Bailey, Thomas Andrew. The American Spirit. Lexington, MA: D.C. Heath &, 1984. Print.Cooper, Thomas, and David James McCord. The Statutes at Large of South Carolina. Columbia, SC: Printed by A.S. Johnston, 1836. Print. ***Current, Richard Nelson., T. Harry Williams, and Frank Freidel. American History; a Survey. New York: Knopf, 1966. Print.Davis, David Brion. Slavery and Human Progress. New York: Oxford UP, 1984. Print.Donnan, Elizabeth. Documents Illustrative of the History of the Slave Trade to America. Washington, DC: Carnegie Inst., 1930. Print.”Feature Indentured Servants In The U.S.” PBS. Oregon Public Broadcasting, 2003. Web. 07 Feb. 2014. .Force, Peter, and M. St. Clair Clarke. American Archives: Consisting of a Collection of Authentick Records, State Papers, Debates, and Letters and Other Notices of Publick Affairs, the Whole Forming a Documentary History of the Origin and Progress of the North American Colonies; of the Causes and Accomplishment of the American Revolution; and of the Constitution of Government for the United States, to the Final Ratification Thereof. In Six Series … Washington, D.C.: M. St. Clair Clarke and Peter Force, 1837. Print. ***Grandy, Moses. Narrative of the Life of Moses Grandy Formerly a Slave in the United States of America. Boston: O. Johnson, 1844. Print.Grant, Joanne. Black Protest; History, Documents, and Analyses, 1619 to the Present. New York: Fawcett World Library, 1968. Print. ***

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