Data gathering tools
This study made use of three kinds of data collection: interviews, observation and documents which led to narrative descriptions.
Interview schedule
In-depth interviews with caregivers, children, social warfare workers, nurses, and school heads were conducted because in-depth interviews are designed to investigate the respondent’s point of view, state of mind and viewpoints. Interviews are encouraged to talk freely about events, behaviour and beliefs in relation to the research area (Patton, 1987:133). The researcher selected to employ in depth interview, because in-depth interviews are regarded as more effective in terms of providing more detailed information than questionnaires and a more relaxed atmosphere in which to collect information. The other reason for in-depth interview were utilised is on the surroundings that they offer quickly contribution and space for making research question clear by respondent and the researcher can likewise test for more data (Cohen and Manion, 1994). This strategy of data collection was specific followed to enable the children left behind to share their own stories in their particular words and researcher can change questions in order to get more information from children left behind and caregivers as conservation continues.
In this study the researcher utilised in-depth interviews to discover more about the effects of parental migration on the livelihoods of children looking for new bits of knowledge on the phenomenon. For this research, in-depth interviews yielded rich data, as children left behind and care givers were able to raise their options without the influence of the researcher. The fifty reason why in-depth interviews were used is because they offer immediate feedback and room for clarification by the children left behind and caregivers and the researcher can also explore for more information. Children left behind participated with consent and they were informed of their right to withdraw from the interview without any explanations. Some of the difficulties of using interviews are that they are time consuming plus they are costly as far as transportation of the questioner from one point in another (Wenden, 1982).

In-depth interviews assisted the researcher to interpret what he was hearing and furthermore looking about clearness and a deeper understanding from the children left behind throughout the interview. In-depth interviews are approved as effective techniques for studying practices of children in question as they had been used in many qualitative researches on parental migration. In order to test the validity of the discoveries the researcher crosschecked the findings from the children left behind and social warfare workers, with the other five