2.1 Types of health and social care services:
Statutory Care: The NHS and Social Service are required by law to provide types of care. This means that the government has decided that everyone that have a particular need must be able to access the service. For example Statutory Service these are help for people with mental health problems who live in the community.

The social service and mental health service work in partnership to deliver mental health service in partnership care. They have joint responsibility of caring, helping and treating people in the community. Most people with mental health problems are treated and supported in the community.

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Governments provide money to support these services and pay their wages like Children’s Trust, Primary Care Trusts, Strategic Health Authorities, Mental Health Trusts and Social services. All these organisations are funded paid for by the government.

Private Care are privately funded which imply that people pay directly for the service or have private healthcare insurance; examples of private care service are private residential care and private medical and nursing care
The private healthcare sector is made up of hospitals and clinics which are run independently of the National Health Service (NHS). There are lots of reason for choosing to get treated in private treatment centre. Some of these reasons may include worries about waiting times, fears over infection rate and MRSA.

Private treatment centre can provide you with quick access to treatment, choice of where you want to be treated and choice of when you would like to be treated. Opportunity to choose your consultant or specialist. Option to have treatment which may not be available on the NHS. The desire for convenience and comfort may mean that prefer to use private sector.

You can access private healthcare by buying Private Health Insurance yourself or through employer. By self-paying -paying for treatment directly using own money.

By taking a medical loan- some hospitals provide loans to help you to pay for your treatment.
Your GP may be able to recommend a specialist, but you can also research the web to find someone suitable.
In the UK there are different type hospital large hospital such as BMI Healthcare – provides acute private care and is the largest independent provider of private health care in the UK with over 70 hospitals nationwide.

Capio- A pan European hospital provider with over 60 units (but only one in the UK).

Nuffield Hospitals- Nuffield Health is the UK’s largest, not profit healthcare organisation. They have over 31 hospitals as well as fitness and well being centres making over 200 units nationwide.

Spire Healthcare- Nationwide network of 37 hospitals.

Small independent hospitals.

Charitable Hospitals
Private patient clinics or units within NHS Trust hospitals
Voluntary Care: These organisation support people who have a particular need. They paid staff working for them who are professionally qualified, but they reply on donation from individuals and volunteers. The organisation which provide voluntary care are as follows: Age Concern, The Alzheimer’s Society and The Autistic Society.

Volunteering plays key role in strengthening our society by acting as a bridge between socioeconomic divides. Why do people volunteer? Majority of people volunteer because they are motivated by selflessness, the desire to feel good. Some want to demonstrate their commitment to a cause. On personal level, volunteering has been shown to benefits such as improved social skills, social recognition higher self-esteem and better health.

Volunteering in activities that strengthen the community can provide way to gain experience in a new field or “test drive” a new career without having to make a long-term commitment.
The positive impact on the health of volunteer contributes to overall positive impact on quality of life. Those who give more of themselves reap the benefits of knowing they are doing good.

The most important thing to realise about volunteering is that spending time to identify your goals and interests helps ensure a richer and more fulfilling volunteer experience. Ask yourself why you want to volunteer for example
Make your neighbourhood a better place to live
Learn from people who think about life differently than you
Try something you’ve never done before
See new places and a different way of life
Make a positive contribution with your hobbies or interests
Essential for successful Volunteering
An open mind, compassion, humility and a positive attitude ensure a positive volunteer experience. You have the best chance for making a valuable contribution if you:
Strive to be well prepared and organised
Are emotionally stable
Are a good listener
Are self-reliant, adaptable and resilient
Are patient and cooperative
Have a passion for sharing your knowledge and skills.

If you are a first-time volunteer, short term assignment will provide the best chance to see if the work is right for you. Short term volunteering is especially valuable if you can make up an acute shortage of help by providing expertise not otherwise found at the organisation.

Local Opportunities
Volunteering is the easiest way to make a positive impact in your community.
At the hospital: is always needed in hospital and volunteer are welcome. You could be asked to perform a wide variety of duties from greeting families to delivering flowers.

At hospice: Volunteers for hospices are always needed for patients on Medicare and Medicaid, which require volunteers to provide a minimum of 5 percent of patient care hours.
As a Mentor: Volunteer to make a difference in child’s future. Organisation such as Big Brother Big Sisters are great outlets for mentoring. Expect background check. United Way provides a list of volunteer opportunities in your area on their website.

At the shelter: It takes a lot of volunteer to operate a local shelter. Consider donating, delivering, serving or preparing or helping with administrative tasks. The Homeless Shelter Directory makes it easy to find shelter near you that could use an extra pair of hands.

At school: Teachers are often underpaid, and school are often understaffed. Volunteers are always needed for fun, rewarding assignments, such as reading to children, chaperoning field trips or simply helping with lessons.

At a delivery driver: most communities sponsor a “Meals on Wheels” service where volunteer deliver meals to the elderly. Offering nutritious meals and companionship to people who are often very lonely is an especially rewarding way to volunteer.

At the animal shelter: If you love animals, your local animal shelter is always looking for volunteers willing to walk dogs, take care of the animals and help find new homes. The humane society makes it easy to find volunteer opportunities in their shelters nationwide.

On the highway: Check with your state’s DOT to learn the requirements for adopting a highway in your area, or you can peruse the official Adopt a Highway website for more information.
At the community garden: Community gardens offer a bounty of fresh produce and they are a great way to meet new people and strengthen neighbourhood.

Health & Social Care BTEC First Level 2 Elizabeth Haworth/ Heather Higgins / Helen Hoyle Sian Lavers/ Carol Lewis Published London.

https://www.freedomhealthinsurance.co.uk/about-private-healthcare accessed 16/10/2018
https://www.publichealth.org/volunteering accessed 17/10/2018


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