Community Prevention Project
Community Prevention Project
State Public Health Department and Environmental Quality Departments
These departments perform different activities, which include allocation of resources at the state level, formulation of policies, development of leadership to head different health departments, and assessment functions (Blumenthal, 2013). Environmental quality departments are responsible for performing environmental functions, which ensure a safe environment to protect individuals from any harm, which may include the development of certain diseases due to a poor or an unsafe environment (Blumenthal, 2013). State public health department receives support from the federal government, which may be in form of funding, legislation and other important resources necessary for achieving the required global health status (Blumenthal, 2013).
Minnesota Public Health Department and Environmental Quality Departments
The Minnesota Department of Health has a mission of protecting, maintaining, and improving the health of all the citizens of Minnesota. This department was formed in 1872 following a legislature, which allowed states to enact public health regulations for controlling communicable diseases (Minnesota Department of Health, 2018). Minnesota was the fourth state to establish a board of health after Massachusetts, Virginia, and California States. Some of the responsibilities of the Minnesota department of health are continuous monitoring of infectious diseases, partnering with other agencies to address some of the healthcare concerns, and responding to disease outbreaks and health emergencies (Minnesota Department of Health, 2018).
The environmental health division, which is under the Minnesota Department of health, has the responsibility of ensuring that the citizens are safe from diseases. The department believes that the development of a disease begins where individuals live and work which is the surrounding environment. The environment includes the air we breathe, the food we eat, and the water we drink, and other environmental hazards (Minnesota Department of Health, 2018). This department collaborates with the local citizens to improve the environmental conditions, which is important for all citizens of Minnesota regardless of where they live. This has been achieved through promotion of public awareness on how to conserve and improve the environment as it impacts the health of all citizens (Minnesota Department of Health, 2018).
The Health Concerns of the Minnesota Community
Some of the health concerns facing Minnesota community include Obesity, mental health, and chronic illnesses, which include cancer and diabetes. Cancer is the leading cause of death in Minnesota, which is caused by Tobacco, poor diet, and poor lifestyles (Minnesota Department of Health, 2018). The state has implemented prevention strategies to address the use of alcohol and other drugs in the state, which is also a major health issue in the region. The department of environment has a responsibility of improving the quality of drinking water, which is a public health issue (Minnesota Department of Health, 2018). This involves monitoring any contamination to water sources, which may be due to manmade activities. Due to the supply of water to the citizens of Minnesota by private wells, the state of Minnesota has the responsibility of ensuring that this water is safe for human consumption (Minnesota Department of Health, 2018).
Since over 80% of the citizens of Minnesota access water from community water systems, the MDH must ensure that public water supply systems comply with the federal safe drinking water act (Minnesota Department of Health, 2018). Contaminated water may result in waterborne disease outbreaks, which may affect the health status of the citizens of Minnesota. Some of the vector borne diseases in the state of Minnesota includes Malaria, which is caused by mosquitoes (Minnesota Department of Health, 2018). This has been contributed by climate, which include temperature and rainfall changes, which have a direct impact on the transition of infectious diseases from animals to humans or between humans. The tick borne disease, which is spread by ticks, is also a health concern in Minnesota (Minnesota Department of Health, 2018).
Current Environmental Risk Assessment Methods, Which Apply To Public Health Issues
An environmental risk assessment involves the process of assessing the likelihood of certain factors and activities to cause harm to the environment (Covello, 2014).. An environmental risk assessment involves identifying any hazards, which may cause harm to the environment, evaluating the risk of occurrence, and analyzing the effects associated with a certain risk (Covello, 2014). This information is used by scientists in the healthcare sector, government authorities, and the public to help them in making decisions on how to prevent and reduce exposure to certain harmful hazards. One of the current environmental risk assessment methods, which apply to public health issues include the calculation of risk index, which includes identifying and evaluating any potential negative effects associated with a certain risk (Covello, 2014).
This is calculated by determining the probabilities that these negative effects will likely take place. The probable negative effects are measured and their magnitude. This can be done using qualitative and quantitative methods where a numerical value is added to each probability and magnitude of the risk (Covello, 2014). Another environmental risk assessment method, which applies to public health issues, is the event tree approach. This assessment method analyses certain hazards, which may occur in a chain process (Covello, 2014). An event tree involves analyzing the associated probability of the risk occurrence linking all the events. Certain environmental hazards may trigger certain disease outbreaks, which may also impact the health status of the citizens of the nation (Covello, 2014).
Suggest a Modifier or New Prevention or Intervention Program Based On Your Research
A prevention program to help in preventing the development of chronic diseases in the state of Minnesota will involve the creation of a unit to implement the program (Windsor, 2015). These strategies are meant to ensure that individuals acquire and implement preventive strategies to help in addressing some of the chronic illnesses. The program will involve an analysis of the risk factors relating to the development of the chronic diseases, which include poor lifestyles, poor diet, and lack of exercise (Windsor, 2015). The program will distribute the necessary resources required in the implementation of the program and achieving the required goals. Members involved in the implementation of the program should be involved in the planning and implementation of the program as they provide important information, which can be useful in a successful outcome of the program (Windsor, 2015).
Some of the elements in the program include health education, which involves educating the public to create public awareness, which is an important prevention strategy (Windsor, 2015). Creating awareness can involve collaborating with other agencies and systems to help in reaching all citizens and ensuring that the program is successful in achieving its objectives. Some of the agencies include the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Food and Drug Administration, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Windsor, 2015). These agencies may also provide support in the implementation of the program through provision of necessary resources, which include training materials and funds. Evaluation strategies should also be determined to assess the performance of the program in achieving the desired goals, which may include the measurement of the number of new patients suffering from chronic illnesses (Windsor, 2015).
Create a Sample Program Budget
ITEM REVENUE COST
INCOME Funding from the federal government $1,000,000
Funding from the state government $500,000 Funding from other agencies $200,000 TOTAL REVENUE $1,700,000 EXPENSES a) Personnel (Salaries) $500,000
b) Training and educational materials (books, pens, rent) $300,000
Transportation (Hiring of vehicles and fuel) $200,000
TOTAL EXPENSES $1,200,000
DIFFERENCE (SURPLUS) ($500,000) SWOT Analysis of the Proposed Program
This preventive program will bring diversity in health promotion by bringing in new ideas and support to the available programs meant to prevent the development of chronic illnesses (Longest, 2015). This program can also rely on past similar programs. Since the program is largely sponsored by the government, it has access to the required resources necessary in the achievement of its objectives. Due to the strategies and programs already implemented on healthy living and other preventive strategies, the program will receive support from the community (Longest, 2015).
Due to the complexity and diversity of the program, the available resources will be stretched among the different components of the program, which may not be sufficient in meeting the available needs (Longest, 2015). The program also relies heavily on the government, which may have limited funds due to it budgeting process, which happens once a year. This may negatively affect the program in achieving its full potential (Longest, 2015). Another weakness of the program is the limited functions it can perform due to the diversity and complexity of the healthcare process which may require more than one program to address the chronic diseases sufficiently. The program may also fail in getting partners to support the health promotion initiative, which is important in bringing in expertise and other necessary resources in achieving the set objectives (Longest, 2015).
Other agencies have also implemented similar programs, which will minimize the costs incurred in training and advertisement of the purposes of the program (Bartholomew, 2016). Due to devolution, the program will be focused on the state of Minnesota which is a smaller community compared to the entire nation. The program will be based on the earlier implemented programs, which is easier for the program to achieve its objectives (Bartholomew, 2016). The program may also access funding from other sources, which include private organizations and nonprofit organizations, which are already supporting the implementation of other programs. A majority of the citizens have already implemented lifestyle and preventive strategies, which is an opportunity for the program to kick in as most of the individuals already have a changed mindset (Bartholomew, 2016).
One of the threats includes the presence of many similar programs, which may deny this program the access to important resources, which have already been utilized and allocated to these programs (Bartholomew, 2016). For a successful achievement of objectives, it is important for all those involved to be committed in the program implementation, which may not be adequately achieved due to limited time and other resources (Bartholomew, 2016). With the government implementing policies meant to protect the citizens of America, the program may face some challenges in getting clearance from the government bodies. It may also be difficult to evaluate and determine the effectiveness of the program, which may lead to a failed program. There is also pressure from stakeholders and the community for immediate results, which may be difficult to prove (Bartholomew, 2016).
Minnesota Department of Health. (2018). About the Minnesota Department of Health. Organizational information. Retrieved from http://www.health.state.mn.us/macros/topics/orginfo.html
Minnesota Department of Health. (2018). Vectorborne diseases. Vectorborne diseases and Climate Change. Retrived from http://www.health.state.mn.us/divs/idepc/dtopics/vectorborne/climate.html
Blumenthal, D. S. (2013). Community-based participatory health research: Issues, methods, and translation to practice. New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company.
Covello, V. T. (2014). Risk assessment methods: Approaches for assessing health and environmental risks. New York: Plenum Pres.
Windsor, R. A. (2015). Evaluation of health promotion and disease prevention programs: Improving population health through evidenced-based practice. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press.
Longest, B. B. (2015). Health program management: From development through evaluation. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass & Pfeiffer.
Bartholomew, E. L. K. (2016). Planning health promotion programs: An intervention mapping approach. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.