CHAPTER THREE

METHODOLOGY

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CHAPTER OVERVIEW

1. This chapter describes the research design which helps to answer the formulated questions of the research through its survey while considering the hypothesis and objectives of the research. However, it divides into subsections as, the conceptual framework of the research, hypothesis, operationalization, population and data collection, sampling process and sampling designs and research analysis.

RESEARCH DESIGN

2. The research primary data will collect through questionnaire. The questioner will contend with close ended questions. Secondary data will be collecting by journals, books and various government reports, especially from SLBFE. However, the present study will be conducted under the research philosophy based on positivism and deductive approach. The research will conduct under quantitative method. Under the survey strategy, questionnaire will be used to collect primary data through Quota sampling or non-probability sampling method.

CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK

3. Based on the literature of chapter two, a theoretical framework was drawn to explain the impact of mother migration to the Middle East on their left behind children’s education performance (special reference to grade five children of Kurunegala district).

Independent Variables Dependent Variable

Figure 1: Conceptual Framework of the Research.
Source: Developed by the author.

OPERATIONALIZATION

Variable Indicator
(a) (b)
Domestic affairs/relation of the family
Attitude and behaviour of the father
Education level of the family
Family co operation
Fulfilment of education needs
Psychological factors
Child determination
Child emotional behaviour
Child attitude
Social factors
Neighbours and relations co operation
Relationship with peer and subordinate children
Culture and religious association

Table 1: Data and Variables
Source: Developed by the author.

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

4. The research questions as follows:

a. What are the assistance/obstructions provide the family towards to left behind children’s primary educational performances?

b. What are the factors that contribute to impede/enhance the primary educational performance of left-behind children of the society?

c. What are the attitudes and behaviors of left-behind children towards to their educational performance?

RESEARCH HYPOTHESES

5. Research hypothesis are as follows:

a. H1a – Domestic affairs/ relations of mother migrant families negatively influence to the primary educational performance of left behind children in Kurunegala district.

b. H1b – External social factors are negatively influence to the primary education performance of left behind children in Kurunegala district.

c. H1c – Psychological behavior of left behind children negatively effect to their primary education performance in Kurunegala district.

SAMPLE SIZE

6. The questionnaire will be distributed among 165 respondents following quota sampling technique under non-probability sampling method. However, the quota sampling would be one of the non-probability sampling technique where the collected sample has the same proportions of individuals as the entire population with respect to known characteristics which focused phenomenon. Accordingly, the study, school teachers, relevant student and family members, specially the father of the mother migrant families will be selected for this study which mainly consist of five zones of the district, each zone will get 33 questioners according to the first five schools as per the sample size and list of the zonal education.

NUMBER OF GRADE FIVE (5) CHILDREN – (WOMEN MIGRANTS)

Zone Number of Grade Five (5) Children (Women Migrant’s)
Giriulla Zone 411
Ibbagamuwa Zone 401
Kuliyapitiya Zone 398
Kurunegala Zone 211
Maho Zone 485
Total 1906

Table 2: Number of Grade Five (5) Children – (Women Migrants)
Source: Zonal Education, Kurunegala.

SELECTED SCHOOLS FOR THE SAMPLE

Zone Name of the School
Giriulla Zone Dambadeniya M.M.V
Narammala Maha Vidyalaya
Paranagama Maha Vidyalaya
Metiyagane M.V
Kadahapola Darmavijaya M.V
Ibbagamuwa Zone Rambadagalla M.M.V.
Kawisigamuwa Sri Gamini M.M.V.
Gonigoda M.V.
Sir John Kothalawala M.M.V.
Sri Vidyaraja M.V.
Kuliyapitiya Zone Siddhartha M V
Wellarawa M.V.
Vijitha M.M.V.
Udawela Rewatha M.M.V.
L.B.Jayasena M.V.
Kurunegala Zone Ku/Dutugemunu M.M.V.
D.S.Senanayake M.M.V
Udapola Sri Sumsngala M.V
Kalugamuwa M.V
Gallahara M.V
Maho Zone Nwp/Mho/Popi/Mdahapola Mahinda M.V.
Nwp/Mho/Popi/Makulpotha Maha Vidyalaya
Nwp/Mho/Popi/Maeliya M.V.
Nwp/Hmo/Popi/Ambagaswewa M.V
Nwp/Maho/Popi/Balagolla K.V.

Table 3: Zonal Education, Kurunegala.
Source: Developed by the author (2018).

DATA COLLECTION

7. In this research, the researcher made use of both primary and secondary data follows:

a. Primary Data. The primary data collect through questionnaire survey.
b. Secondary Data. A comprehensive literature survey will be carried out by referring journals, research articles, magazines, books publication and the internet.

DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

8. Data will analyse using descriptive statistics using IBM SPSS (Statistical Packages for the Social scientist) statistical package. The descriptive statistics will be used to describe the school’s statistics at Kurunegala District. All data will analyse by using mean value of the indicators. Questionnaire will analyse using mean and standard deviation. The impact of children education and independent variables as per the operationalization of the research.

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