CHAPETR THREE
3.0. METHODS, MATREIALS AND PROCEDURES
In this chapter the study design, the study area, population of the study, sample size for the study, selection of subject, selection of variables, tester competency, orientation of the subject, inclusion and exclusion criteria, collection of data, procedure of test administrations and statistical techniques for the analysis of data have been described.
3.1. THE STUDY DESIGN AND PERIOD
Descriptive and explanatory research design was implemented to identify the relationship among physical fitness, anthropometric variables with skill performance of basketball players in 2016-17. The aim of explanatory research is to explain why phenomena occur and to predict future occurrences. Explanatory studies are characterized by research hypotheses that specify the nature and direction of the relationships between or among variables being studied. Exploratory studies are a valuable means of understanding what is happening; to seek new insights; to ask questions and to assess phenomenon in a new light (Yin, 1994). Explanatory research design was a situation or a problem in order to explain the relationships between variables (Lewis, Thornhill, & Saunders, 2003). Therefore the present study describes or explains the relationships between the dependent and independent variables of the study. Two hundred male basketball players, who were participated in different regional zonal and university sport tournament in the year 2016-17, were the study subjects. The age rages of the subject were between 18 to 28 years.
3.2. THE STUDY AREA
The present study was conducted in Ethiopia search in Amhara region. Amhara region is one of the nine ethnic divisions of Ethiopia; it is the homeland of the Amhara people. Its capital city is Bahir Dar. Ethiopia’s largest inland body of water found in this region called Lake Tana, which is the source of the Blue Nile River. The region also contains the semen mountain national park, which includes Ras Dashan, the highest mountain in Ethiopia.
The study was conducted in Amhara Regional state zones, administrative cities and universities particularly in North Gondar, South wollo, West Gojam, and North shewa zone and Gondar, Bahir -Dar and Dessie administrative city.
The Amhara Region state is located in the north western Ethiopia between 9°20′ and 14°20′ North latitude and 36° 20′ and 40° 20′ East longitude. The Amhara Region has an estimated land area of about 170000 square kilometers. The region borders Tigray in the North, Afar in the East,Oromiya in the South, Benishangul-Gumiz in the Southwest and the country of Sudan to the west(Adugna , 2014).
Amhara regional state was divided into 11 zones namely: North Gonder, South Gonder, West Gojjam, East Gojjam, Awie, Wag Hemra, North Wollo, South Wollo, Oromia special zone, North Shewa and Bahir Dar City special zone. There are a total of 140 wordas are found in the above eleven zones (Adugna , 2014).
3.2.1. POPULATION OF THE STUDY
The study of the population was Amhara regional state’s administrative city, zones and universities which have basketball clubs and trainees. The subject of the study was basketball players in the club, and trainees of the region particularly found in North Gondar (Gondar), South Wollo (Dessie), East Gojam (Bahir-Dar) and north shewa ( Deber-Brihan) and their respective universities.
3.2.1.1. SELECTION OF SUBJECT
The target population of the present study was male basketball players aged above 18, who participated in different basketball competition that are registered in the respected club, and university teams.
3.3. SAMPLE SIZE DETERMINATION AND SAMPLING PROCEDURE
The Amhara National regional state has 11 zones. Ethiopian basketball federation and the Amhara National regional state basketball commission together working for the development of different sports in the region.
For the present study four zones were selected purposively. The reason why? Most of the clubs and basketball players were found in these zones. The geographical location of the selected area covers the northern, southern, central and western parts of the Amhara region. Relatively competitive players and sport infrastructure are found in Gonder, Dessie, Debrebrahan,and Behir Dar. The above selected zones have their own university which is governed by Ethiopian minster of education. Numbers of players in the selected zone between the age ranges of 18- 28 years of age were 400 players.
To achieve this purpose of the study, 200 basketball players were selected as subjects who were participated in all Amhara Game, zonal competition and University sport festival. The subject of the study from the above zone’s woreda and university depend on the number of basketball players by using proportional sampling method across the region. The subjects will have past playing experience of at least 1; half years in basketball and only those who will represented their respective teams have been taken as subjects.
The required sample size was determined by using purposive sampling methods with proportional allocation across the region.
n= N/ 1+ N (e) 2
Where, n= is the simple size, N= is the population size, and e is the level of precision
3.3.1. SUBJECT OF THE STUDY
To achieve the purpose of the present study two hundred Amhara regional state male basketball players were selected from various parts of Amhara region such as zones, woredas and universities with the age of 18-28 years were selected as subject in 2016-17 competition periods and players have different playing experience. Subjects were undergoing through a number of field-based tests to assess physical fitness, anthropometric measurement and skill test.
3.4. INCLUSION AND EXCLUSION CRITERIA
In this study the inclusion and exclusion criteria includes factors which influence on the study result, like sex and training year, health condition, age would be the criteria.
3.4.1. INCLUSION CRITERIA
? players whose age 18 up to 28 will be included in the study
? only male basketball players will be included in the study
? The training year in the club will be more than one and half year
3.4.2. EXCLUSION
? Those whose age under 18 and above 28 will be excluded from the study
? Female athletes will not be included in the study
? Players who have less than one and half training year will not be included in the study.

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