“Let Them Eat Cake”
How did the French revolution shape the Modern european SOCIETY?
Zander Shepherd | History IP
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction and Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
The Social Structure in France before the Revolution . . . . . 3
The Lead up to the Revolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
The French Revolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
The Effects of the Revolution on Modern Society . . . . . . . 6
The Effect of the Revolution on Modern Social Structure . . . .7
Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Bibliography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
HOW did the French Revolution shape the modern European society? The Peasants revolt against the French Monarchy inspired the Modern European social class structure. The French Revolution was quite a significant event in France. It had occurred in France, beginning in 1789 and ended in the late 1790s. The Revolution had redesigned the government and the society which had changed France politically and socially.
The Revolution had changed how France looks at people like equality. The Revolution helped change the social and political structures. The French revolution had shown the power of the people and what change they can do to the country. The social structure which is how people are treated depending on their amount of wealth or advantages or disadvantages. Political conflict had caused between the Monarchy and the Aristocrats over the reform of the tax system which had led to bankruptcy. Economic conflict was caused due to bankruptcy, pay rises and famine. The Social Structure in France before the Revolution
Before the Revolution, France’s social structure had flaws in the shape and design of it which had been resolved in the outcome.
The French Estates
Before the period of time when the French Revolution had started, France’s social structure had divided people into three different groups called “Estates”. The First Estate had included the clergy whom made up 0.6% of France’s population at the time, however they had owned up to 10% of land. The Second Estate included the nobles and they made up 0.4% of the population in France. Finally, the Third Estate, the commoners, had made up 26 – 28 million people in this Estate. In this Estate, two million of them were bourgeoisie, two million were artisan workers, five million were landowning and tenant farmers, 11 million were sharecropping farmers, five million were day labourers and one million were serfs.
The First and Second Estates are known as Aristocrats and the Third Estate is known as the Peasants or Bourgeoisie. The Aristocrats had lives of luxury who as well received the high-ranking jobs available. The Peasants had lives of poverty, paying most of the taxes
Before the Revolution
BEFORE the start of the French Revolution, France was divided into three social classes called ‘Estates’. The First Estate included the clergy which is the church leaders, the Second Estate involved the nobles and the Third Estate included the commoners. Most people in France were in the Third Estate. In the Third Estate, people had to pay the most taxes and were quite poor. The First and Second Estate are also known as the ‘Aristocrats’ and the commoners from the Third Estate are also known as ‘Peasants’. The Aristocrats had lived their lives in luxury and had got all the high-ranking and high-paying jobs.
THE French revolution was a period in Frances history where the people overthrew the monarchy, taking control over the government. The Revolution lasted for ten years from 1789 to 1799. On June 17, 1789, representatives of the Third Estate formed the National Assembly. Later on Jun 20, peasants take the Tennis Court Oath request some rights from the king. On July 14 1789 was when a prison called the Bastille was
THE EFFECT OF THE REVOLUTION ON SOCIETY
The outcome of the Revolution had helped to change the political and social structure of France. The French monarchy had come to an end along with feudalism also taking political power from the Catholic church. It had also brought new ideas to Europe including the idea of liberty and freedom as well as the end of slavery and putting forward the rights of women. Even though the Revolution ended with the ascent of Napoleon, the ideas and reforms are still remembered. New ideas continued to influence Europe which helped change the modern European society.
National Guards leaving for Paris, October 6, 1789, French Revolution, France, 18th century. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest. Retrieved 1 May 2018, from https://quest.eb.com/search/126_168031/1/126_168031/cite