1984 is a dystopian novel published in 1949 by English author George Orwell. The novel is set in Airstrip One, former Great Britain, a province of the superstate Oceania, whose civilians are victims of ubiquitous government supervision and public manipulation. The authoritarianism is presented to be overseen by an obscure leader known as Big Brother. George Orwell wrote “1984” as a fiction that would foreshadow how the world would look like if the USSR had won The Cold War. He did it by portraying the communist system in the United Kingdom.
“A Clockwork Orange” is also a dystopian satirical black comedy novel by English writer Anthony Burgess, published in 1962. The action is set in a near future English society featuring a subculture of extreme youth violence. The teenage protagonist, Alex, narrates his violent exploits and his experiences with state authorities intent of reforming him. Both of these novels present different dystopian views of the United Kingdom, with “A Clockwork Orange” presenting the idea of anarchy, a state of disorder due to the absence of authority. In contrast the portrayal of society in “1984” is one in which authority is a main factor.
The research question is: “How is language used to describe a dystopian society in 1984 by George Orwell compared to how Anthony Burgess describes it in A Clockwork Orange, and devices used.”. This has the purpose of comparing and contrasting the novels that set in a dystopian world. Even though there are differences between the two story lines, language used and the context the authors wrote them in, the focal point in both is the idea of dystopia. Dystopia an imagined place or state in which everything is unpleasant or bad, typically a totalitarian or environmentally degraded society.
In Spain, Germany, and the Soviet Union, Orwell had witnessed the danger of absolute political authority in an age of advanced technology, and as a result he illustrated the hazard brutally in 1984. Unlike a utopian novel, it is aimed to portray the perfect human society, a novel of dystopia does the exact opposite: it shows the worst human society, in order to convince the readers to avoid that might lead toward such societal degradation.
Likewise, Burgess had a tendency toward anarchy, and felt that the socialistic British welfare state was too willing to sacrifice individual liberty in favour of social stability.