.
RICE LIBRARY BOOK FAIR
The Middle Colonies were the colonies already described in the book, such as the New England, Chesapeake, and Virginia colonies.
The Middle Colonies was an accepting region that took in people who were seeking religious tolerance. The environment was friendly and was welcoming to all. Due to the religious freedom, the area attracted people of many different races, and societies.
The Dutch Empire became a strong empire as well as a wealthy one due to its trade. They were smart and tactful, using sugar to the best of its ability.
Because there was many Germans that settled in this area, they led the development giving it this name. Scandinavians also settled there therefore it was not only central European countries.
Trade
Technology
Fur
Cattle
Lumber
Modernization
Religious dissenters were accepted in the Middle Colonies, and they were treated as equals.

The Middle Colonies accepted people from Belgium, France, Scandinavia, and especially Germany. Some European languages, some English languages as well as some African languages were spoken.
They started to bash heads with the English, therefore the English sent ships and took over
New Netherlands
The covenant chain was when the English took over the Dutch trade when they acquired New Netherlands. The issue involved the English not allowing those who wanted to speak Dutch be able to do so.
The Duke of York gave land to English nobles and they established the land. They then gave the land to the Scottish and Quakers who also settled.
Pennsylvania became the center of the Middle Colonies because Pennsylvania had a warmer climate and a ratio of men to women that was appealing. Therefore, the population grew significantly.
The religion in the Middle Colonies varied greatly due to the religious tolerance the Middle Colonies provided. This is detailed section due to its importance to the development, settlement, and cultural diffusion exhibited in the Middle Colonies.
The area attracted a lot of diversity which supported Taylor’s opinion that this was essential to the settlement of the region.
– The New England colonies were not cooperating with the crowns expectation, therefore the English created an area made up of New York, New England and New Jersey known as the dominion.
– The Glorious Revolution was a ” spontaneous uprising by a united English people” led by a foreign army and navy. William, the Dutch Prince of Orange, wanted to take England for an alliance. He attempted to take England and in doing so, most of the officers joined him, which ran King James to France. The Dutch occupied London and Parliament placed the power of reign into the hands of William and Mary, who cooperated with parliament and held an Anglican establishment.
– Maryland, Massachusett and New York all professed their loyalty to England and promised to listen to the new monarchs in charge. However, William III was not just going to let these rebellions pass by idly. William wanted to solidify his control on the colonies and be able to use them if need be for a war against France. Therefore, the crown took stronger interest in most colonies and tried to reason and compromise with them.
When trying to sort out the rebellions, the crown tried its best to find a compromise between imperia power and the colonial autonomy. As a result of these compromises, the colonies became very close with the English empire, just as William intended. The colonists acknowledged that everything in their lives came from a central source across the Atlantic. They also realized they were ruled by a governor that was appointed by someone other than themselves, and therefore did not give them an easy time. The governors finally folded, and decided to get along with the colonists instead of try to rule them.
– Nine years of war between the English and the French cost them many troops and lots of cash. The French always hard the English and the feelings were mutual until the beginning of the World Wars where they became allies.
The English’s all powerful military did little to protect their colonies during the Nine Years War. New France’s combination of royal troops, Canadian military and Indian groups. When the English and French made peace however in 1697, the Indians remained at war with each other due to the French and their Indian allies burning Iroquois towns. When the French tried to make peace with the Iroquois, they just got more angry. They took to taking out the Catawba. The Catawba however were beneficial to the English, who pleaded the Iroquois to stop raiding them. Nonetheless, the raids affected the English.
– The peace between the English and French did not last long. When Philip de Bourbon claimed the Spanish throne, he threatened to unite the Spanish and French empires, which would put the power in Europe out of balance. The English revived their alliance with Louis XIV in order to fight the war known as the War of the Spanish Succession. However, the English once again faltered with their war efforts and faced lots of casualties. Therefore, they accepted Philip de Bourbon as the king of the Spanish in exchange for Spanish islands.
The Scottish and English had been united since 1603. The Scots wanted to broaden out more and trade more. The English threatened to close their border to trade with Scotland until they negotiated a more complete union. The English offered to help them with trade in return. Eventually, the Scots had access to the English colonies and oversea trade.
The English stopped acknowledging piracy, therefore pirates developed a certain culture of their own. They decided to ” live well” by gambling, drinking and raiding. Each crew had their own set of rules to abide by. They defied the power and wealth of empires and were violent men exploring the world.
The British were triumphant in many things in colonial America yet it did not come at a price. They used plenty of money to make sure that their fleet was unmatched. The French focused on their army however, having a greater land force than the British. With the sea advantage, trade overseas was much easier for the British, becoming huge British power.
Taylor does buy into the opinion that the revolution began in the hearts and minds of the colonists before war broke out because the colonists had constant conflict with their motherland and its control. These constant conflicts had to be inspired by a thought that they were not being treated the way they wished, and that things were not changing.
News was the colonists ways of knowing how things were going back in the motherland, Great Britain. Often news was received by trade ships in many different forms. This soon led to the development of the Boston Newsletter, which was the first colonial American newspaper published. Mostly used for economical reasons, it soon evolved to spread local news as well.
Trade was a mutually beneficial way for colonies to gain the materials they needed. This allowed the colonists as well as the colonies to become more modern as fast as possible. The colonies advanced, grew more populous and healthier than ever before due to trade.
Poverty came when the economy was at its worst, which was when the weather was bad. Growing poverty concerned the people who inhabited the town and really could be broken down into three major issues. One of the issues was emigrants, who came in without any money. The second one was wars that did not need to be started, which took money away from the towns. The final one was the ways that the motherland kept tabs on the new colonies. They used the colonies for trade to benefit themselves.
Goods were essential to colonial life. Without goods, the trade economy would not thrive. The colonists used goods such as tobacco and sugar, which were extremely popular back in England, to make mass amounts of money that allowed them to improve their own living.
English Immigrants came from the motherland to colonial America in search for new and better life. Various ranges of people came to colonial America, from Puritans to convicts. These people were able to take up land, find jobs, have meals, and live safer than they ever had before, making America the mixing bowl it is today.
Alongside the English were the Germans who decided to come over to colonial America. The new goods being found in America were extremely appealing. Living was also extremely cheap there, so the Germans were able to build churches, schools and a multitude of other things that made living better for themselves and for future generations.
Scots also came to North America. They were often poorer than the typical immigrant, therefore, they were often placed into servitude. They also tended to live near each other in what they called “clans”. These Scottish immigrants gave the colonies even more cultural diversity to colonial America as well as were able to bring their cultural aspects to modern day America.
Pluralism occurred due to colonies wanting to bond together. Scots were only comfortable around their own people and so were Germans. In the English colonies, the English felt severely outnumbered, which made them nervous. Soon, the Germans and Quakers created an alliance, and the Scots turned on the Indians in the area. Pluralism, however, allowed the individual groups to live together and survive.
Africans were brought into colonial America to become slaves and work on plantations. They were able to work because they would work cheap and were extremely expendable due to their massive population. Families were separated as slaves were depended on to do the dirty work.
New Negroes were those newcomers who came in and were forced to do the jobs that no one else desired to do. They were sold, and tortured if they refused to do the work colonists did not. They often worked on plantations and most of them did not even live to see the end of their first year in colonial America.
African Americans absorbed the American culture, and were better off than both the Africans and New Negroes. African Americans had some rights to marriage and to appear in court. Although they had these rights, this did not prevent them from having problems with the whites that had enslaved them. African Americans killed many of their owners and therefore their privileges were taken away.
Slavery of the Africans, African Americans, and New Negroes were huge proponents of colonial life in America and drove the economy forward. Their work effort and conditions made their lives miserable as often led to death, which depleted their population and the colonists work force.
Established
churches requested tax from colonists in their respective colonies. If you got caught working on the Sabbath or enjoying yourself, the person caught and all participants would be heavily fined. Congregationalists enforced these things due to their dominance.
Despite the religious growth in the colonies, ministers complained that only a small group of men were qualified for a full church membership. However, there was no decline in attendance in the South. Common people still loved going to church and accepting all the sacraments accessible to them. However, the rationalists corrupted the scriptural teachings and found reassurance in scientific, rejecting the supernatural mysteries.
Revivals demonstrated the deep procedure that makes sinners into saints who wish for eternal salvation. Evangelist denied that being good could earn you eternal salvation. Only God’s grace could save one who accepted that they could not reach heaven on their own.
George Whitefield was a young minister who became famous by revolutionizing the printing press. He developed an evangelist way of preaching, traveled and told people about God, and got his troies printed. People were very interested in this young man, therefore they purchase the papers to read his work.
– Old Light believers believed that the evangelist style of preaching was not right. They believed that if emotions got in the way of strict preaching, then it lost its value. The New Lights, however, supported an emotional way of preaching exampled by George Whitefield, and also believed in divine grace.
The radicals were a branch off of the evangelicals. They imagined that otherworldly churches brought a little bit of heaven down to earth during their worship. They also denied every church that was negatively affecting both religion and the government. Radicals engaged in emotional as well as physical revivals of the pure power of God.
Revival came late to Virginia. Settlements were developed in which preachers recruited followers by looking for independent prayer groups. These people welcomed them, and allowed them to preach to them. Individual groups such as the Anglicans and the Baptists broke off and preached their own values and ways of worship.
Races contributed to religion as well. African slaves attended the revivals, learning Christianity and various other religions. Indians even were introduced to the revivals by evangelicals who traveled spreading their religious beliefs. They were most successful in New England, where they were able to convert plenty of tribes to Christianity.
The Great Awakening of religion really attracted all of those seeking for religious preachings. It helps cleanse the need to know what spiritual grace is, what it does, and how it affects your life.
– Emigrants were crucial to the development of many French settlements. They started heading towards Canada, which was significant to the French due to it being the headquarters of their fur trade. In an attempt to keep themselves from going bankrupt, the government decided to stop selling furs in 1673. This action pushed emigrants away from the New World.
The St. Lawrence River, huge part of living in the French settlement of America. Great food and water source, however due to the length of the cold and windy conditions throughout the year, the river was often frozen. This made trade and expeditions extremely difficult.
– The attraction to go to the New French America other than be have a better state of living was that women’s rights were relevant. Land was accessible to them and they could hunt just as much as men. These ideas began the roots of women’s rights becoming relevant.
The authority of the French crown still had a hold on those who traveled to the New French America, therefore making them still under the reign of Louis XIV. Louis XIV appointed government positions there such as a governor, a bishop and others. The control exhibited from across the ocean sparked the idea of rebellion.
The Upper Country was unique in the sense that its ability to keep Indians and the colonists from taking advantage of one another. A land of mostly forests, Indians and colonists both wanted it for their respective reasons. Therefore, conflict was often a result of these feuds. However, the development of camps for the Indians to hide in when they needed to caused violence to decrease.
The French colony of Louisiana was one that was essential to the French trade with the Indians. Weapons were often traded as well as furs, even though the weather and climate was extremely humid. Slaves were also extremely important to those who followed Sieur de La Salle’s lead and settled in Louisiana. They were constantly shipped into the colony in much larger numbers than any other social class especially the soldiers, making war difficult. However, plantations could not be set up, and the fishing was so unpredictable that the economy kept plummeting. This colony encouraged differentiating races, leading to the ideas of inequality between humans.
The Louisiana colony was placed into two very different landscapes; one for taken over by the Indians and a small plantation core controlled by settlers. In the land of the Indians, the settlers there tried to become friends with the Indians, yet in the plantation core, the Natives were treated poorly. When the settlers tried to expand up north with livestock and tobacco plantations, the Natchez, who controlled the northern part of the Mississippi River, killed the livestock invading their land. The settlers demanded tribute, and in response, the Natchez rose up against the French. The French allied with the Choctaw to help defend Louisiana, therefore solidifying their alliance.
These alliances with the Indians solidified a trade between the French and the Indians. The French traded with the Indians in return for defense. The French also were able to get more business with the Indians because the sold their products for less than the English, which made the English quite upset. The complex relationships with the Indians put the French in an awkward situation, due to the fact that as much as they didn’t want them, they needed them to keep French America afloat.
Villagers placed their homes along the side of rivers. THis provided a great source of water as well as a good hunting spot when the game went to get a drink. Nomads typically made temporary homes and moved around a lot, mostly where there was game such as buffalo. Most of the Villagers spoke the language known as Caddon, yet the northerners spoke Siouan. Hunting had a large influence on life, especially the hunting of buffalo.
Along with hunting, the Villagers as well as the Nomads would plant various foods such as wheat and rice, referred to as the Bread Basket of the World.
Genizaros were basically New Mexican slaves. When the Genizaros were young, they were stripped from their families and could never return to where they came from. They were sent to work at the mines trying to mine silver. Another option the Genizaros received was they were sent to work for New Mexicans where they were used for sexual pleasure. Freed genizaros eventually made communities and served as border guards again the Great Plains nomads.
For the longest times, horses were extinct in what was referred to as the New World. It was not until colonists from Spain brought them in the late seventeenth century. Being on horseback, ground was covered so much easier, saving time, and making everyday lives that involved hunting and transporting easier. This made hunts more plentiful and helped the Great Plains survive and thrive. With people better fed and with better housing, more work could get done. Guns were obtained during the eighteenth century, which made hunting even easier as well as defending their villages.
French settlers were searching for people and places to expand their trade to. They decided to travel across the Great Plains, where they found the Wichita and Pawnee villagers. When the Wichita and Pawnee villagers overpowered the Apache and Pueblo Indians for captives, the Spanish built places for the Caddo people in modern day Texas. Only in San Antonio did these missions go well.
The Comanche and Apache were different groups of native people. The Comanche were very successful in the southern plains. The Comanche acquired horses and then were able to migrate in all directions. By obtaining these horses, they gained more strength as traders and soldiers. The Apache were not fond of the Comanche, for they were often raided by them of their goods. This caused some of the Apache to desire to move to a different location where they could live securely. Some also sought Hispanic protection.
Bourbon Reforms relate to the saving of New Mexico during the 1770s and 1780s. Spanish leaders such as Bernardo de Galvez, New Spain’s viceroy alongside Teodoro de Croix, the soldier in charge of running the military operations in the northern frontier and Juan Bautista de Anza, who at the time was the governor of New Mexico. Each had their own individual additions to the colony, bridging from troops to ‘ peace by deceit’. After this reform, the New Mexico colony began to excel and grow.
The Northern Plains were a central part of the trade competition that occured between the English and the French. The French were not able to use the plains as well as the British because of how expensive it was for the French. The English, however, were able to established the Hudson Bay’s Company by using London merchants. They were able to solidify trading ports on the coast, which did not help the colonists.
The French empire became really rich with their work in the West Indies, where their sugar plantations thrived. The British, observing their success, decided to attack their allies, the Spanish. They thought that if they seized the ports, and islands that the Spanish possessed, they would be able to claim dominance once again in the West Indies.
Indians held the military advantage in North America, therefore making them hold the balance between the English and French. Their guerilla warfare that was foreign to the colonists. They took trades in order to give away strategic positions of both the English and the French. The Indians observed that the English had vast numbers over the French, but they were uncivil, while the French worked together. However, the French saw the Indians as both friend and foe.
The balance did not hold for very long. Both the French and the English established forts and bases at their respective colonies in order to protect themselves from the oncoming conflict that was evident. Named this way, the war lasted for seven years, the British overwhelming New France with their resources, conquering Canada. The Spanish finally came into play in 1762, and then the British started conquering more territories. Finally, the British started to negotiate peace with the French and the Spanish.
After the British won the war, the Indians began to experience a multitude of problems. The Indians could no longer exploit the British and French for the resources in trade. Therefore, since they could not control the trade, the colonists started taking advantage of the Indians which led to them rebelling against them.
The Imperial Crisis was based off of the colonists refusing to pay their taxes. They did not pay the taxes due to the fact that they didn’t have a say in what happened in Parliament. Their economy plummeting due to the war, the colonists were looking for ways to keep themselves from dying, and to fight for equality.
The Empire of Liberty pertained to the colonists initially wanting to stay in partnership with the English crown. Yet, the crown did not approve of the colonists tax revolt as well as their ideas to make new taxes that were cheaper. Instead, they proposed taxes that were much more expensive. Great Britain stood by these taxes even when the colonists got extremely irritated, and only then did the colonists start making plans for independence. They went to war with the British, and excelled by using guerilla warfare. The British tried using their immense power and resources to dominate North America but after two decade of fighting, the colonists were triumphant in the American Revolution and began expanding west and settling.
– Hunting led Russians towards as well as across Siberia. They scared the Siberian people with their weapons and large numbers, making them more apt to do what the Russians wanted them to do. When they acquired game in the frozen tundra, they used it in trade. When the trade progressed, it led them to China, where they received silk and tea. The Russians trade however did not benefit the Siberian natives. Not only did they scare them, but with their vast numbers, the natives were exposed to new problems, such as disease and alcohol. They were also used as sex slaves and abused in various manners.
– This relates to the fear that Russians forced onto the native people. The Aleutians produced lots of skins for the Russians and their skins spread to North America in Alaska.
– The expansion of the Russian trade did not go unnoticed by those already settled in North America. The Spanish saw the success of the Russians and were worried that they would start expanding into their desired territory. California was one of these territories that the Spanish desired and decided to attempt to colonize it.
– California’s colonization was a failure. The Spanish lacked the wealth and resources that was needed in order for the conquest expeditions. Not only that, but the economy would have not thrived the way the Spanish intended. The mountain range made it hard for ports to be built to support the Spanish trade with the West Indies.
– Not only did the lack of wealth stop them, but the Indians native to California also were an issue for the Spanish. They saw the Indians as people who had a savage culture who needed to be saved by the gift of Catholicism.
– When Magellan discovered a strait that now bears his name in the Pacific, the Spanish began to explore all of the islands that were in the Pacific. However, they wished to keep these islands private from the other European empires, therefore they kept their discoveries secret and buried their files. Therefore, the British, who next found the islands, take credit for discovering most of them. The island natives were more civil than those coming from Europe, and introduced them to their lifestyle that allowed them to thrive such as fishing and farming.
– Named Yuquot by the natives, the island of Nootka was discovered by Captain Cook, while he was exploring between Vancouver Island and Hawaii. When Cook discovered this nation, he met a group that never had to develop horticulture due to its fishing and marine hunting year round with each individual having a jobs as well as slaves. Cook called the place Nootka by mistake, yet it stuck from that time on.
Kamehameha was a chief in Hawaii and was elected the most dominant chief in the islands by the 1790s. Kamehameha turned out to be a fantastic war general, using artillery to the maximum of its ability. He was able to invade all the islands near his homeland with this resource. Afterwards, he ruled under an age of peace and prosperity as he united the islands until his death in 1819.
Minor Concepts:
bullet-type listing
The New England colonies were not cooperating with the crowns expectation, therefore the English created an area made up of New York, New England and New Jersey known as the dominion.
– The Glorious Revolution was a ” spontaneous uprising by a united English people” led by a foreign army and navy. William, the Dutch Prince of Orange, wanted to take England for an alliance. He attempted to take England and in doing so, most of the officers joined him, which ran King James to France. The Dutch occupied London and Parliament placed the power of reign into the hands of William and Mary, who cooperated with parliament and held an Anglican establishment.
The Mayflower Compact is recognized as the first government establishment put on paper in the United States. Due to religion, there were often disputes between the non-religious Pilgrims and the extremely religious Puritans. Therefore guidelines were suggested to be written down in order for both sides to be able to survive.
This act was passed in Maryland to guarantee the acceptance of Christians. Although it did not guarantee much at all, this was the first document on the path of the writing of the first amendment, meant to protect the rights of the people.
Nine years of war between the English and the French cost them many troops and lots of cash. The French always hard the English and the feelings were mutual until the beginning of the World Wars where they became allies.
The English’s all powerful military did little to protect their colonies during the Nine Years War. New France’s combination of royal troops, Canadian military and Indian groups. When the English and French made peace however in 1697, the Indians remained at war with each other due to the French and their Indian allies burning Iroquois towns. When the French tried to make peace with the Iroquois, they just got more angry. They took to taking out the Catawba. The Catawba however were beneficial to the English, who pleaded the Iroquois to stop raiding them. Nonetheless, the raids affected the English.
The peace between the English and French did not last long. When Philip de Bourbon claimed the Spanish throne, he threatened to unite the Spanish and French empires, which would put the power in Europe out of balance. The English revived their alliance with Louis XIV in order to fight the war known as the War of the Spanish Succession. However, the English once again faltered with their war efforts and faced lots of casualties. Therefore, they accepted Philip de Bourbon as the king of the Spanish in exchange for Spanish islands.
The English stopped acknowledging piracy, therefore pirates developed a certain culture of their own. They decided to ” live well” by gambling, drinking and raiding. Each crew had their own set of rules to abide by. They defied the power and wealth of empires and were violent men to exploring the world.
English Immigrants came from the motherland to colonial America in search for new and better life. Various ranges of people came to colonial America, from Puritans to convicts. These people were able to take up land, find jobs, have meals, and live safer than they ever had before, making America the mixing bowl it is today.
Alongside the English were the Germans who decided to come over to colonial America. The new goods being found in America were extremely appealing. Living was also extremely cheap there, so the Germans were able to build churches, schools and a multitude of other things that made living better for themselves and for future generations.
Scots also came to North America. They were often poorer than the typical immigrant, therefore, they were often placed into servitude. They also tended to live near each other in what they called “clans”. These Scottish immigrants gave the colonies even more cultural diversity to colonial America as well as were able to bring their cultural aspects to modern day America.
Pluralism occurred due to colonies wanting to bond together. Scots were only comfortable around their own people and so were Germans. In the English colonies, the English felt severely outnumbered, which made them nervous. Soon, the Germans and Quakers created an alliance, and the Scots turned on the Indians in the area. Pluralism, however, allowed the individual groups to live together and survive.
Unitarianism is the Christian belief that God is one person and not, as some people believe, one in a Trinity (Father, Son, Holy Spirit) . They believe that Jesus was a child of God just like regular people but not one of blood relation. These beliefs originated in New England in colonial America.
When Americans could not get their own representation in Parliament, the Americans made their own little representation of the English government. They created a governor, his council as well as his House of Commons, which acted as the Assembly of the English government.
Proprietary Colonies were colonies that were owned by a person who received authority straight from the crown. This person, often known as a proprietor, was appointed governor by the king and was the person who ran the property.
The Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina were a series of papers that if a person owned a piece of land, they would automatically be added to the Council of Nobles. Owning land therefore meant that you gained a sense of nobility and were able to have a say in your community, which was huge progress.
William Penn created this Charter of Privileges in order to give the people of Pennsylvania rights. Religious freedom was finally allowed and so were new land laws when the Charter was written in 1701.
The Leisler Rebellion occurred in the late 1800s, in which Jacob Leisler gathered a militia and captured the southern part of what is now known as New York.
Nathanial Bacon gathered a group of prestigious planters against Governor Berkeley and his groups of planters. After Berkeley catered to the wealthy planters, Bacon recruited men amongst the common planters and servants promising that their troubles would be avenged. The rebellion began in 1676 and in September of the same year, the governor was run out of town. Bacon burned Jamestown, however died shortly after. In December and January, his rebellion died as well.
Indentured servitude is the amount of time the person of service desires to work for someone while being enslaved means that you are in service until the person who you work for says you can go and treats you however they like.
The reasons for the colonial resistance of English was due to their unfair taxation. Often these taxes had a huge effect on the colonial American economy and their exports that allowed them to trade. Most of these taxes were enforced to benefit the motherland and leave the colonists economy dwindled.
Coureurs de Bois were French colonists who ventured deep into the inside of North America and helped found New France. They also orchestrated many trades between themselves and the Indians.
An occasion when the entire town got together and discussed problems that were going on within the town. At the end of the year though, they would choose the group that would run the town the next year. This group was only accessible by adult male citizens. Women’s rights were very limited at the time that these meetings were taking place.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

Major Concepts:
116. Great Awakening
Revivals demonstrated the deep procedure that makes sinners into saints who wish for eternal salvation. Evangelist denied that being good could earn you eternal salvation. Only God’s grace could save one who accepted that they could not reach heaven on their own.
George Whitefield was a young minister who became famous by revolutionizing the printing press. He developed an evangelist way of preaching, traveled and told people about God, and got his troies printed. People were very interested in this young man, therefore they purchase the papers to read his work.
– Old Light believers believed that the evangelist style of preaching was not right. They believed that if emotions got in the way of strict preaching, then it lost its value. The New Lights, however, supported an emotional way of preaching exampled by George Whitefield, and also believed in divine grace.
The radicals were a branch off of the evangelicals. They imagined that otherworldly churches brought a little bit of heaven down to earth during their worship. They also denied every church that was negatively affecting both religion and the government. Radicals engaged in emotional as well as physical revivals of the pure power of God.
Revival came late to Virginia. Settlements were developed in which preachers recruited followers by looking for independent prayer groups. These people welcomed them, and allowed them to preach to them. Individual groups such as the Anglicans and the Baptists broke off and preached their own values and ways of worship.
Races contributed to religion as well. African slaves attended the revivals, learning Christianity and various other religions. Indians even were introduced to the revivals by evangelicals who traveled spreading their religious beliefs. They were most successful in New England, where they were able to convert plenty of tribes to Christianity
The Great Awakening of religion really attracted all of those seeking for religious preachings. It helps cleanse the need to know what spiritual grace is, what it does, and how it affects your life.
117. French in America
The St. Lawrence River, huge part of living in the French settlement of America. Great food and water source, however due to the length of the cold and windy conditions throughout the year, the river was often frozen. This made trade and expeditions extremely difficult.
– The attraction to go to the New French America other than be have a better state of living was that women’s rights were relevant. Land was accessible to them and they could hunt just as much as men. These ideas began the roots of women’s rights becoming relevant.
The authority of the French crown still had a hold on those who traveled to the New French America, therefore making them still under the reign of Louis XIV. Louis XIV appointed government positions there such as a governor, a bishop and others. The control exhibited from across the ocean sparked the idea of rebellion.
The Upper Country was unique in the sense that its ability to keep Indians and the colonists from taking advantage of one another. A land of mostly forests, Indians and colonists both wanted it for their respective reasons. Therefore, conflict was often a result of these feuds. However, the development of camps for the Indians to hide in when they needed to caused violence to decrease
The French colony of Louisiana was one that was essential to the French trade with the Indians. Weapons were often traded as well as furs, even though the weather and climate was extremely humid. Slaves were also extremely important to those who followed Sieur de La Salle’s lead and settled in Louisiana. They were constantly shipped into the colony in much larger numbers than any other social class especially the soldiers, making war difficult. However, plantations could not be set up, and the fishing was so unpredictable that the economy kept plummeting. This colony encouraged differentiating races, leading to the ideas of inequality between humans.
The Louisiana colony was placed into two very different landscapes; one for taken over by the Indians and a small plantation core controlled by settlers. In the land of the Indians, the settlers there tried to become friends with the Indians, yet in the plantation core, the Natives were treated poorly. When the settlers tried to expand up north with livestock and tobacco plantations, the Natchez, who controlled the northern part of the Mississippi River, killed the livestock invading their land. The settlers demanded tribute, and in response, the Natchez rose up against the French. The French allied with the Choctaw to help defend Louisiana, therefore solidifying their alliance
These alliances with the Indians solidified a trade between the French and the Indians. The French traded with the Indians in return for defense. The French also were able to get more business with the Indians because the sold their products for less than the English, which made the English quite upset. The complex relationships with the Indians put the French in an awkward situation, due to the fact that as much as they didn’t want them, they needed them to keep French America afloat

x

Hi!
I'm Katy

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out