• The situation in Myanmar is really complex and there is a possibility that the peace process may break down entirely because of the military political structure
• Transitional justice seems to be the best option realistically available to us. Our main concern isn’t to resolve the conflict immediately, but to maximise the chances of securing a lasting peace and create favourable conditions for democratization.
The Rohingya crisis is the result of an ethnic conflict, taking place in the Rakhine state, in Western Myanmar. For decades, this Muslim minority has suffered legal and social discrimination from the Buddhist majority. Indeed, the government denied the Rohingya citizenship and the protection of their human rights with the 1982 Citizenship Law, which severely impacts on their mobility, access to education and health care (Weber and Stanford, 2017).
Today, Myanmar is one of the poorest countries in the world and even if the government is engaged in a process of democratic transition since 2011, the conflict has escalated in the last years because of the weak performance of the state (Southwick, 2015). The rise to power of Aung San Suu Kyi’s as Myanmar’s official State Counsellor in 2015 brought hope of prosperity and peace in the country. However, she’s heavily criticised for not speaking against oppression of the Rohingya, neither using the term “Rohingya” because it is highly controversial. They are treated as “foreigners” and referred to as “Bengalis” and not as Burmese citizens (Weber and Stanford, 2017).
In August 2017, thousands of Rohingya died and over 900,000 Rohingya fled to Bangladesh after military attacks of the Burmese army. Thus, the Rohingya are considered as the largest single group of stateless people in the world (The Economist, 2015).

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